Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Pluchea carolinensis
(Asteraceae)

cattletongue, cure-for-all, curry plant, pluchea, shrubby fleabane, sourbush, stinking fleabane, sweet scent, wild tobacco

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources

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Species description or overview

Pluchea carolinensis information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Pluchea carolinensis from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Pluchea carolinensis information from PIER
Information on Pluchea carolinensis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Pluchea carolinensis description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Pluchea carolinensis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Pluchea Cass. (Asteraceae: Inuleae) in Taiwan (abstract)
The distribution of four species of the Pluchea is described (Bot. Bull., 1998).

GRIN nomenclature info for Pluchea carolinensis
Nomenclatural information about Pluchea carolinensis is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Pluchea carolinensis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pluchea carolinensis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Pluchea carolinensis information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Pluchea carolinensis, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Pluchea carolinensis
Nomenclatural information about Pluchea carolinensis is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Pluchea carolinensis (Asteraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Pluchea carolinensis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Pluchea carolinensis impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Pluchea carolinensis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Pluchea carolinensis weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Pluchea carolinensis for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Pluchea carolinensis information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Pluchea carolinensis from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Pluchea carolinensis management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Pluchea carolinensis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This comprehensive review of herbicide application methods includes calculations for formulations, and appendices listing herbicides registered for use in Hawaii and their toxicities (University of Hawaii, 2002).


Images

Images of Pluchea carolinensis (Asteraceae) (sourbush)
Links to high-resolution free images of Pluchea carolinensis (Asteraceae) (sourbush) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Pluchea carolinensis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pluchea carolinensis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pluchea carolinensis images from PIER
Images of Pluchea carolinensis provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Pluchea carolinensis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pluchea carolinensis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pluchea carolinensis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pluchea carolinensis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Pluchea carolinensis worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Pluchea carolinensis is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Where to see this species

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
Medeiros, A.C. 2004. Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets. Prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and K. Wood. 2006. Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.


Experts

Pluchea carolinensis contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Pluchea carolinensis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
After rain forest of Haleakala National Park was fenced in the late 1980s, native vegetation responded vigorously yet three problematic plant invaders (Clidemia hirta, Hedychium gardnerianum, and Psidium cattleianum) continued to spread unabated and became of great concern to Park managers. This contribution provides a quantitative assessment of crucial life history junctures (quantitative phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal, seed predation, seedling establishment) to assist Haleakala NP and other managers of Hawaiian rain forests. It also provides detailed information for potentially identifying key characteristics in prevention, rapid response, and prioritization of incoming invasive species. (This document is the 2004 Ph.D. dissertation of Dr. Arthur C. Medeiros for the Department of Zoology at the University of Hawaii.)

Pluchea carolinensis references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Pluchea carolinensis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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