Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Citharexylum caudatum
(Verbenaceae)

juniper berry

image of Citharexylum caudatum image of Citharexylum caudatum image of Citharexylum caudatum
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Control methods Images
Distribution Cited as invasive Books In the news Full-text articles

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Species description or overview

Citharexylum caudatum information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Citharexylum caudatum from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Citharexylum caudatum information from PIER
Information on Citharexylum caudatum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Citharexylum caudatum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum caudatum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Citharexylum caudatum information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Citharexylum caudatum is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Citharexylum caudatum
Nomenclatural information about Citharexylum caudatum is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Citharexylum caudatum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum caudatum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Citharexylum caudatum information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Citharexylum caudatum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Citharexylum caudatum
Nomenclatural information about Citharexylum caudatum is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Citharexylum caudatum (Verbenaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Citharexylum caudatum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).


Control methods

Citharexylum caudatum information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Citharexylum caudatum from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).


Images

Images of Citharexylum caudatum (Verbenaceae) (juniperberry)
Links to high-resolution free images of Citharexylum caudatum (Verbenaceae) (juniperberry) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Citharexylum caudatum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum caudatum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Citharexylum caudatum images from PIER
Images of Citharexylum caudatum provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Citharexylum caudatum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum caudatum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Plants of Hawaii: Citharexylum caudatum -- MAPS
online

Citharexylum caudatum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum caudatum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Citharexylum caudatum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum caudatum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

New plant records from East Maui for 1998 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Eleven new species are reported for East Maui.


Cited as invasive

Hawaii State DLNR/DOFAW cites Citharexylum caudatum (Verbenaceae) as a weedy species used in horticulture
Fiddlewood (Citharexylum caudatum) is on Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants list from the Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife.


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


In the news

Eucalyptus species fail to support native understory
Eucalptus saligna canopies provide ineffective nursery ecosystems for the regeneration of native species (Raising Islands blog by Jan TenBruggencate, 9/26/2008).


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Citharexylum caudatum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum caudatum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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