Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Malvaviscus penduliflorus
DC., Malvaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Low risk, score: -9 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific)).
Accept, score: -5 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida))).

Other Latin names:  Malvaviscus arboreus var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chui hua xuan ling hua

Chuukese: hana

English: firecracker hibiscus, malvaviscus, mazapan, sleeping hibiscus, Turk's cap

Hawaiian: aloalo pahūpahū

Samoan: ‘aute moe, ‘aute moe

Spanish: molinillo, monacillo colorado, tulipán

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Shrubs up to 3 (-4) m tall, glabrate or sparsely pubescent, but pedicels densely pubescent and petioles and stems with lines of simple and bifurcate hairs.  Leaf blades lanceolate to ovate, 4-10 (-15) cm long, margins crenate-serrate, apex acuminate, base obtuse.  Flowers solitary or clustered, pendulous, pedicels to 1.5-4 cm long; involucral bracts 6-8, spatulate, 12-18 mm long, 2-3 mm wide; calyx tubular, 14-20 mm long, the lobes ciliate; corolla red or sometimes white, 5.5-6.5 cm long; staminal column and styles slightly exserted.  Fruit apparently unknown"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 895).

See also Malvaviscus arboreus.

Habitat/ecology:  In Hawai‘i, "cultivated and sparingly naturalized in disturbed mesic sites, 0-330 m" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 895).

Propagation:  Seed?

Native range:  "Probably native to Mexico and now in cultivation throughout tropical and warm temperate regions worldwide" (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 895).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 52)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 214 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 19)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 109)
Vouchers cited: F.R. Fosberg 60457A (PTBG), D.H. Lorence 9985 (PTBG), F. Sohl 86 (NY, PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1980) (voucher ID: PTBG 22136)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 38740)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1980) (voucher ID: PTBG 21934)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (pp. 433-434)
Vouchers cited: DA 16721, DA 16726, DA 16448, DA 16729
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 2177 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1975) (voucher ID: PTBG 8900)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4166 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 177)
As Malvaviscus arboreus
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 72)
As Malvaviscus arboreus
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 48)
As Malvaviscus arboreus. Voucher cited: Fosberg 64943 (US)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4723 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J. (2004) (pp. 278-279)
As Malvaviscus arboreus
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4001 (PAP), J. Florence 4473 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3097 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Manihi Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 28)
As Malvaviscus arboreus. Voucher cited: Brooks & Brooks 81 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
cultivated
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (p. 28)
As Malvaviscus arboreus. Voucher cited: Brooks & Brooks 81 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5750 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6544 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6202 (PAP)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 414)
Voucher cited: Stone 5120 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 163)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 895)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 895)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 895)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2007) (p. 26)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H120632 (BISH, PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Oppenheimer, Hank (2011) (p. 8)
Voucher cited: Oppenheimer H70913 (BISH, PTBG)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 107)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 166)
Voucher cited: Thaman & Manner 124 (SUVA)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (pp. 115-116)
Vouchers cited: CHR 170342, CHR 170341
Palau
Kayangel Atoll
Kayangel Islet introduced
invasive
cultivated
Miles, Joel (2015) (p. 2)
ref states "Cultivated"
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Raulerson, L./Rinehart, A. F./Falanruw, M. C. (1996) (p. 31)
As Malvaviscus arboreus var. penduliflorus (DC.) Schery
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2007) (voucher ID: PTBG 48154)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 8)
Voucher: Lorence 9806 (PTBG, BNM, BISH, NY, TAMU, US)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2008) (voucher ID: PTBG 99)
Taxon name on voucher: Malvaviscus penduliflorus
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-10)
Voucher cited: Starr & Starr 080601-13
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Futuna Island introduced
cultivated
Morat, Ph./Veillon, J.-M. (1985)
Morat & Veillon, 1985, cited in Meyer, 2007
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 36)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated. S. Guangdong (Guangzhou), S. Yunnan.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) probably native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 835)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 10 DEC 2007 and was last updated on 9 MAY 2011.