Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Malvaviscus arboreus
(dummy value for TaxonCode Authority; this value should be replaced!!).......Malvaceae


Chinese: xiao xuan ling hua

English: Chinese hat, Drummond's wax-mallow, Texas-mallow, Turk's cap, wax mallow

Maori (Cook Islands): kaute, kaute, kaute makatea, kaute makatea, kaute moe, kaute moe, kaute ‘oporo

Pukapukan: kaute

Spanish: flor de santos, manzanillo, monacillo, obelisco de la sierra, tripa de buey, tulipancillo

Tuamotuan: aute‘umoa

"Spreading shrub to 2-(3) m high, often spreading vegetatively by layering.  Stems densely clothed in stellate hairs.  Leaves densely clothed in stellate hairs, velvety to tough, ovate to suborbicular, cordate, acute to acuminate, not lobed or shallowly 3-lobed, crenate-serrate, c. 5-15 cm long; petioles c. 2-12 cm long; stipules lanceolate, 3-8 mm long, deciduous.  Flowers axillary, solitary or few in fascicles; pedicels 10-30 mm long; epicalyx segments 7-9, linear, united for lower 1/5-1/4, somewhat less than or ± = calyx; calyx tubular, clothed in stellate hairs; calyx teeth ciliate, triangular, much less than tube; petals scarlet, 20-35 mm long.  Fruit fleshy, red, 1-3 cm diameter."  (Webb et al., 1988)

Malvaviscus penduliflorus (DC.) Schery is naturalized in the tropical Pacific and cultivated and escaping in New Zealand. It is distinguished by the large pendulous flowers, 42-65 mm long (Webb et al., 1988; p. 835). In New Zealand an occasional escape from cultivation in waste places (Webb et al., 1988; p. 835). Seed Tropical and subtropical America (Webb et al., 1988; p. 835).
Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Pukapuka Atoll introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1981) (p. 433)
Vouchers cited: DA 16740, DA 16224.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral/Imada, Clyde T. (2000) (p. 24)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 98)
Var. mexicanus Schiechtd. Vouchers cited: MacKee 36956, MacKee 46133
Spontané
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island   Ellison, Joanna C. (1990) (p. 28)
On outlier islets of Fukave and Ata.
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Cultivated. Fujian (Xiamen), S. Guangdong (Guangzhou), S. Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 99)
Ornamental.
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 835)
Occasional escape from cultivation.
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 58)
Cultivated only
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
var. drummondii (Torr. & A. Gray) Schery. Native to Texas, naturalized in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi.
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
var. drummondii (Torr. & A. Gray) Schery.
Naturalized
Reported as possibly an invasive plant in the Galápagos Islands per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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