Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Citharexylum gentryi
Moldenke, Verbenaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Spanish: palo de vaca, sauco macho

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Slender midcanopy tree to 20 m tall. Leaves opposite on fertile branches, whorled on some sterile branches, entire, acute, more or less rounded at the base, to 18 x 10 cm, conspicuously and softly puberulous. Pedicels ca. 2 mm long. Flowers with calyx cupular, ca. 2 mm long; corolla white. Fruits ellipsoid, ca. 6 mm long, the fruiting calyx patelliform" (Dodson & Gentry, 1978; p. 578).

Habitat/ecology:  A timber tree in its native habitat and may be introduced for that purpose.

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Panama, Ecuador and Peru (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 12 OCT 2006.