Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Pseuderanthemum carruthersii
(Seem.) Guillaumin, Acanthaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) Radlk.; Pseuderanthemum reticulatum Radlk.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chuukese: ulo

English: false eranthemum, graptophyllum, purple false eranthemum

I-Kiribati: te iaro, te roti

Marshallese: diros, tirooj, tirooj kuriin, tirooj piin, tirooj piolot, tiros biñ, ulej, ulij, wut tiroj

Palauan: ngoh

Pingelapan: sihrinairam

Rakahanga-Manihiki: tiare vaehau

Samoan: lā‘au samasama, lā‘au samasama, lau samasama, lau samasama, lau suipi, lau suipi

Satawalese: kakive

Tokelauan: suipi

Tuvaluan: lakauuli

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Glabrous ornamental shrub, leaves often variegated magenta-purple with or without pink and/or white, elliptic-ovate, acute, decurrent on the 1-3 cm petiole, 5-15 cm long; racemes spikelike, calyx green or reddish, up to 8 mm long; corolla white to rosy-purple, glabrous or merely slightly ciliate, capsule clavate, 4-seeded"  (Stone, 1970; pp. 535-536).

"Shrub 1-3 m high, petioles 5-20 mm long; leaf blades elliptic to ovate or oblong, (4-) 8-20 x (3-) 4-10 cm, usually 2-3 times longer than broad, dark green to purple or more often variously variegated, purplish- or yellow-blotched or green- and yellow-mottled; inflorescences and calyx sometimes rich purple; corolla tube usually rich purple, the lobes rich pink with paler mottling or white, the throat purple-spotted; filaments and style often purple-tinged"  (Smith, 1991; pp. 134-135).

"Var. carruthersii encompasses both green-leaved wild plants and a cultivated form with ovate, coarsely wrinkled or reticulate-surfaced leaves with a prominent yellow zone in the central area of the blade; both forms have corollas that are white speckled with red.  Var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) Fosberg has smooth, rather waxy-textured leaves heavily marked with deep red and purple, and corollas that are pink-spotted or blotched with red"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 90).

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, "cultivated from near sea level to about 250 m" (Smith, 1991; pp. 134-135). In the Marshall Islands, "usually planted, but occasionally naturalized or persisting" (Fosberg, 1990; p. 38).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "Probably indigenous in Melanesia (perhaps in New Caledonia and the New Hebrides [Vanuatu]), now widely cultivated" as a garden ornamental. (Smith, 1991; pp. 134-135).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 53)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 35365)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 10404)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Raulerson, L. (2006) (p. 63)
Var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Manihiki Atoll cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Penrhyn (Tongareva) Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Palmerston (Avarau) Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Floreana Group
Floreana Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Observed in survey, no herbarium record.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nama Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 59)
var. carruthersii Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 210 (GUAM); var. atropurpureum Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 237 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 11)
var. atropurpureum (Carr.) Fosb., naturalized, voucher cited: Lorence 8135 (PTBG); var. carruthersii, cultivated, Lelu
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27718)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaum.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pingelap Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 102)
var. atropurpureum
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 65)
var. atropurpureum; var. carruthersii, vouchers cited: F.R. Fosberg 60483 (BISH, PTBG), H. St. John 21489 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 637 (BISH), C. Trauernicht 129 (NY, PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 48664)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Eauripik Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Faraulep (Faraulap) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46854 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 57)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 134-135)
Voucher cited: Smith 7487
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 134-135)
Vouchers cited: DA 16771, DA 16211, DA 16214, DA 16480
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg Voucher cited: J. Florence 4175 (PAP)
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 61113
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: BRY 25428, BRY 25433
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 2)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 2)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 2)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 2)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg Voucher cited: J. Florence 2401 (PAP)
Cultivée. Ornementale banale.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
cultivated
Doty, Maxwell S. (1954) (p. 39)
Var. atropurpureum
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 13)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
Sachet, M-H. (1983) (pp. 36-37)
Vars. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb. and carruthersii
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
var. carruthersii and var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) F.R. Fosberg
Cultivée.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (pp. 535-536)
Vouchers cited: Stone 3938 (GUAM), Stone 4370-A (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Kiritimati (Christmas) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 31)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 31)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 31)
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Kanton Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 55715 (US, BISH)
Kiribati
Phoenix Islands
Orona (Hull) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Stoddart, D. R. (1994) (p. 6)
Single shrub. Vouchers cited: Fosberg & Stoddart 54795 (US, HAW, K), Clapp P-71-42 (US)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 76)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Abemama Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 30)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 78)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Maiana Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 79)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Marakei Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Nonouti Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1987) (p. 30)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Onotoa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Onotoa Atoll cultivated
Moul, Edwin T. (1957) (p. 21)
Vouchers cited: Moul 8038 (US), Moul 8301 (US)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Imada, Clyde T. (2004) (p. 75)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ailinglaplap (Ailinglapalap) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Lamberson, J. O. (1982) (p. 57)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1962) (p. 35)
Var. carruthersii, vouchers cited: Fosberg 26782 (US), Fosberg 39423 (US); var. atropurpureum, vouchers cited: Fosberg 26729 (US), Fosberg 39424 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 5)
"Rare; single bush found by house near air terminal".
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 98)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 31206 (US); also var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; voucher cited: Fosberg 31206 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Lae Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Lae Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 34098 (US); also var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; voucher cited: Fosberg 34063 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Rongelap (Roñlap) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujae Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujae Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 34295 (US); also var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; vouchers cited: Fosberg 34290 (US), Fosberg 34421 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Wotho (Wõtto) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Wotho (Wõtto) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 34236 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; voucher cited: Fosberg 33973 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll   Anderson, Donald (1951) (p. vi)
Voucher cited: Anderson 3661
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 4)
"Rare; two old plants found as hedge/border near private residence".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Jemo Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Jemo Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; voucher cited: Fosberg 33866 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 27030 (US); also var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.; voucher cited: Fosberg 27025 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 59)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Maloelap Atoll   Imada, Clyde (2006)
var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) Fosb.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1959) (p. 6)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 36721 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1955) (p. 20)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 33690 (US)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2009) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: Vander Velde 0516200909
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 82)
var. carruthersii, voucher cited: Hassall 201 (SUVA); var atropurpureum, vouchers cited Fosberg 58777 (US), Fosberg 58792 (US)
New Caledonia
Îles Loyauté (Loyalte Islands)
Île Lifou native
cultivated
Heine, Heino (1976) (pp. 59-62)
var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb., vouchers cited: MacKee 27296, MacKee 27300
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands native
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 134-135)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Islands native
Jaffré, T./Morat, P./Veillon, J-M./Rigault, F./Dagostini, G. (2001) (p. 52)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre native
cultivated
Heine, Heino (1976) (pp. 59-62)
var. carruthersii, voucher cited: Lécard s.n., Vieillard 2080; var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb., vouchers cited: Baumann-Bodenheim 6806, MacKee 5111
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 39)
Voucher cited: CHR 168660
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 110)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9978 (BISH)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 46)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 16, 110)
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1992) (voucher ID: BNM 93)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1992) (voucher ID: BNM 93)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.
Palau
Kayangel Atoll
Kayangel Islet introduced
invasive
cultivated
Miles, Joel (2015) (p. 2)
ref states "Cultivated"
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 16, 102)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 54)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Kayangel (Ngcheangel) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (pp. 8, 19)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngercheu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (pp. 8, 19)
Carp Resort
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 16, 98)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 16, 106)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 58)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb.
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 16, 109)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1968) (voucher ID: BNM 55)
Taxon name on voucher: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 103)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Nui Atoll   Woodroffe, C. D. (1985) (p. 15)
Var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosb. Voucher cited: Woodroffe 159 (CHR)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Palmyra Atoll
Palmyra Atoll introduced
cultivated
Wester, Lyndon (1985) (p. 31)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 258)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Wake Islands
Wake Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, M.-H. (1969) (p. 14)
Present in 1961, not seen in 1963.
Vanuatu
New Hebrides Islands
Vanuatu (Republic of) native
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. 134-135)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 254)
Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum cv. Variegatum
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 73)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Maldives
Maldive Islands
Malè Atoll cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1957) (p. 34)


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This page was created on 4 JAN 2003 and was last updated on 30 DEC 2011.