Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hedychium coronarium
J.K”nig, Zingiberaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

Hawai‘i/Pacific:  High risk, score: 10 (Go to the risk assessment)
Risk assessment of Hedychium coronarium from the Government of Queensland, Australia (PDF format)

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: jiang hua

Chuukese: sinser, sinsér, sinsér, tolon, tunun, turun, zinzer

English: butterfly ginger, butterfly lily, cinnamon-jasmine, common ginger lily, garland flower, ginger lily, white ginger, white ginger lily

Fijian: cevuga vula, dalasika, ndrove, thevunga

Hawaiian: ‘awapuhi ke‘oke‘o

Kapingamarangi: sintia

Maori (Cook Islands): kaopui teatea, kōpī, kōpī teatea, re‘a, re‘a, re‘a teatea, re‘a teatea, re‘a teatea

Pohnpeian: sinsea, sinter, sinter oangoahng, sinter pwetepwet, zinzer

Rotuman: kapui fisi, kapui perperi

Samoan: teuila, teuila, teuila pa‘epa‘e, teuila pa‘epa‘e

Tahitian: opuhi tea

Tongan: teuila, thevunga

Yapese: chabubu, chawiwi, sifif nisepan, trewiwi

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Herb, perennial, erect, unbranched, to 2 m high, growing from a rhizomeLeaves simple, alternate, two-ranked, sessile at the top of the leaf sheath, blade elliptic to lanceolate, 20-30 x 3-10 cm, pubescent on lower surface.  Flowers continuously through the year; flowers many, in groups of one to six, borne among large, green, overlapping bracts in an ellipsoidal spike 7-20 cm long atop a leafy stem, fragrant.  Corolla with fused tepals, white, the tube narrow, 6-9 cm long, the segments linear, 3-5 cm long with two petal-like oblanceolate staminodes 3.5-5.5 cm long and a petal-like, subround, apically notched labellum slightly longer with a yellowish green or dull white patch in the center.  Fruit an oblong many-seeded capsule, infrequently formed in cultivation"  (Whistler, 2000; p. 237).

"Erect herb with stems to 1 m tall; leaves distichous, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, acuminate, about 50-60 cm long, 10 cm wide, petiole short; flowers white, yellowish in age, sweetly fragrant, to 6-8 cm long, the tube very slender, inflorescences dense spikelike, terminal, bracteate; bracts oblong-obovate or oblong, imbricate" (Stone, 1970; p. 111).

Habitat/ecology:  Similar to H. gardnerianum and H. flavescens. Favors wet habitats. Rainforest, moist forest, roadsides, open areas, streamsides. "Creeping growth overwhelms low growing plants in pastures and forests"  (Motooka et al., 2003).  In Hawai‘i, "frequently cultivated and naturalized in mesic forest"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1622).  In Fiji, "firmly naturalized along roads and trails and in thickets, often being locally abundant at elevations from near sea level to 200 m or perhaps higher"  (Smith, 1979; pp. 197-198).

Propagation:  Stolons and, to some degree, seeds. Cultivated, from whence it escapes.

Native range:  Southern, eastern and southeastern Asia; widely cultivated and naturalized (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 35)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
cultivated
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 105)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 88)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 127327)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Etal (Ettan) Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Juvik, J. (1996) (pp. 73-74)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Fefan Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 5)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Murilo (Mwiriné) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll introduced
Merlin, M./Juvik, J. (1996) (pp. 73-74)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Marshall, Mae/Fosberg, F. R. (1975) (p. 31)
Voucher cited: Marshall 93 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1957) (voucher ID: BISH 127322)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nomwin (Nómwiin) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 42)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 126 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 127324)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 699996)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 5)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (year unknown) (voucher ID: BISH 127328)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Mazawa, Thomas R. (2000) (p. 5)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 127329)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 595551)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 595553)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. (2000) (p. 5)
Escaped from cultivation.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 11)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1958) (voucher ID: BISH 595549)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 595552)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 595548)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 107)
Vouchers cited: Glassman 2574 (US), Takamatsu 743 (BISH), Takamatsu 789 (BISH), Takamatsu 1026 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 63)
Vouchers cited: M.J. Balick 3839 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 3858 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 3910 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4146 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4147 (NY, PTBG), A. Dores 188 (NY, PTBG), R. Gallen 71 (NY, PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 127325)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 127330)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 127331)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 127332)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 595016)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 595547)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1999) (voucher ID: PTBG 34654)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 37718)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 48643)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127323)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 595554)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 595567)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island introduced
cultivated
Fosberg, F. R. (1969) (p. 5)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46935 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 595550)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2000) (p. 90)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1948) (voucher ID: BISH 127326)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fiji Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1928) (voucher ID: BISH 127321)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 197-198)
Voucher cited: Smith 1098
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Koro Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 127319)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Rotuma Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1938) (voucher ID: BISH 617422)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 197-198)
Voucher cited: Bierhorst F149
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 197-198)
Vouchers cited: DA 16750, Smith 7002, DA 12337
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127320)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 11)
Voucher cited: Agassiz 94 (GH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 390)
Voucher cited: Grant 5263
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 390)
Vouchers cited: Florence 345, BRY 26407
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 390)
Voucher cited: Florence 2675
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2675 (PAP)
Cultivée. Naturalisé près de la cascade en station hygro-sciaphile.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 493477)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 111)
Voucher cited: Stone 4387 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1622)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1622)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1622)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1622)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1622)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
invasive
Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 296)
Naturalized
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 105)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 56)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 76)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 59671 (US)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
invasive
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 142)
Vouchers cited: MacKee 12545, MacKee 28406, Létocart in MacKee 40465
Spontané
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 15)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 113)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 9, 81)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 15)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 595564)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1974) (voucher ID: BNM 10048)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium Koen.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 9, 81)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago introduced
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 107)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Merrill, Elmer D. (1925) (pp. 241-242)
Introduced and cultivated for ornamental purposes, in some regions in the southern Philippines naturalized. In Mindanao certainly of prehistoric introduction.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 7)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418196)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15488
Occasional escape.
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 127313)
Taxon name on voucher: Hedychium coronarium J.König
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 53)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 85)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 15263
Occasional escape.
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (pp. 14, 29)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
cultivated
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 166)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
cultivated
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, also cultivated. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 353)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 176)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 193)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 47)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Forests, also cultivated.
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Ching-I Peng, ed. (2013)
"In wet place of low elevation".
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  This species and other gingers are major pests in Hawaii. In the Pacific they are cultivated and, in some cases, have escaped. It would be wise to limit plantings and monitor for spread of existing introductions.

Considerable naturalization of this species seen in Samoa (Space & Flynn, 2002).

Control:  Additional control information from the Bugwood Wiki.

Physical:  "Fleshy rhizomes make mechanical control arduous" (Motooka et al., 2003).

Chemical:  "Alton Arakaki (Univ. Hawaii) and Ed Misaki (TNC) discovered that yellow ginger was extremely sensitive to metsulfuron at 3% (w/vol) at Kamakou Preserve, Moloka‘i. HAVO staff reported control by cutting off yellow ginger foliage followed by application of metsulfuron on exposed rhizomes at 0.5 g/liter of water in spring and summer or 3.5 g/liter of water in winter. White ginger was sensitive to foliar applications of 1 lb/acre picloram, very sensitive to metsulfuron (0.25 oz/acre), moderately susceptible to triclopyr. Unpublished research by Greg Santos, Linda Pratt, and C. Stone at HAVO found metsulfuron at 0.04 lb/acre, imazapyr at 0.7 lb/acre and amitrol at 0.7 lb/acre applied to visible rhizomes after mechanical clearing of top growth was very effective on Kahili ginger. A commercial mixture of 2,4-D + triclopyr was ineffective. Pat Bily (TNC) reported 20% triclopyr ester applied in straight stream to kahili ginger stems and surface rhizomes provided 100% kill on Maui" (Motooka et al., 2003).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2017.