Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Carludovica palmata
Ruiz & Pav., Cyclanthaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 7 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: carludovica palm, jipijapa, Panama hat plant

French: carludovique palmée

Maori (Cook Islands): Panamā

Spanish: bombonaje, cade, chidra, paja toquilla, palma de sombrero, palma jipijapa, toquilla

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Plant up to 4 (-5) m high.  Leaf blades generally 50-80 cm long.  Petiole up to 3.5 (-4) m long.  Peduncle during anthesis 30-50 cm long, in fruiting stage as much as 1 m long.  Spathes 3-4, the lowermost or the two lower spathes green, coarse, often provided with a foliaceous, palmate appendage the upper spathes creamy white or greenish white, petalaceous.  Spadix during anthesis 9-16 (-22) cm long, in fruiting stage as much as 30 cm long.  Staminate flowers generally 3.5-4.5 mm long; receptacle 2-3 mm diameter; stamens (30-) 40-55, anthers 1.2-1.5 mm long, 0.4-0.5 mm broad.  Pistillate flowers during anthesis 3.5-4 mm broad, in fruiting stage as much as 10 mm broad; tepals during anthesis obtusely triangular, *± connate at base, distinctly surpassing the stigmas, in fruiting stage subtruncate to truncate, connate to about half their length, as high as the stigmas or, more often, somewhat lower; stigmas seen from above ovate to suborbicular, short and obtuse, entirely encircled by the tepals; staminodes white to yellowish white, 3-6 cm long. (Harling, 1973)

Habitat/ecology:  (No habitat/ecology information available.)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Central America, Colombia to Bolivia (Harling, 1973).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 14)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 109827)
Taxon name on voucher: Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav.
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 89)
Presence not verified.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Lorence, David (year unknown)
Cultivated around Awak per Lorence and Flynn, pers. com.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 40)
Invasive species.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 35)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4004 (PAP)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 150)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 89)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1918) (voucher ID: BISH 109829)
Taxon name on voucher: Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 225)
One occurrence. Voucher cited: CHR 170306.
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 28)
One occurrence. Voucher cited: Yuncker 9983 (BISH)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 9)
Voucher: Flynn 6933 (PTBG)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 427917)
Taxon name on voucher: Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 699285)
Taxon name on voucher: Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav.
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 323)
Taxon name on voucher: Carludovica palmata
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Colombia
Colombia
Colombia (Republic of) native
Harling, Gunnar (1973) (p. 6)
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Ecuador (Mainland)
Ecuador
Ecuador (Republic of) (continental) native
Harling, Gunnar (1973) (pp. 5-6)
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Probably naturalized.
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
Harling, Gunnar (1973) (p. 6)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 23)
Cultivated only
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) introduced
cultivated
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Cultivated and small infestations in Vailima Reserve and elsewhere, Upolu, Samoa.


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This page was created on 27 JUL 2002 and was last updated on 6 NOV 2011.