Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Bothriochloa bladhii
(Retz.) S.T.Blake, Poaceae
Click on an image for links to BIGGER PICTURES


Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 19 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Andropogon bladhii Retz.; Andropogon intermedius R. Br.; Bothriochloa caucasica (Trin.) C.E. Hubbard; Bothriochloa glabra (Roxb.) A. Camus; Bothriochloa intermedia (R. Br.) A. Camus

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: chou gen zi cao

English: Australian beadgrass, Australian bluestem, blue grass, Burnett River-bluegrass, Caucasian bluestem, forest bluegrass, plains bluestem, purple plume grass

Fijian: Lautoka grass, thamboni grass

Palauan: desum

Yapese: muu

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Tufted, erect or ascending, up to 1.5 m tall; culms unbranched or sparsely branched, nodes bearded or glabrous.  Leaf sheaths glabrous or pubescent at base; ligules short, often with few long hairs; leaf blades linear, apex attenuate, up to 30 cm x 0.3-0.8 cm, ± glabrous.  Inflorescences panicles, racemes numerous, borne loosely or densely, 2-5 cm long, joints and pedicels with long ± spreading hairs; sessile spikelet 3-4 mm long with densely bearded callus at base, lower glume as long as spikelet, hairy in lower part, with or without pit, upper glume as long as spikelet, acute or ± obtuse, lower floret with lemma ± as long as spikelet, upper floret with lemma shorter than spikelet, awn 1-1.8 cm long, palea absent; pedicellate spikelet reduced to glumes, linear-ovate, 4-6 mm long" (Stanley & Ross, 1989; vol. 3, p. 256).

"Perennial [grass], the culms glabrous, with well marked nodes, 30-90 cm high; leaf blades flat or folded, glabrous, 15-37 cm long, 5-10 mm broad; panicle 7-15 cm long, the axis smooth, the branches slender, whorled, 2.5-6 cm long, the rachis joints pilose; sterile spikelet 2.5 mm long, pilose on margins, the sessile spikelet shortly pilose near base, about 5 mm long; fertile lemma bearing slender awn about 1 cm long" (Smith, 1979; p. 385).

Description from GrassBase.
Description from the Flora of China online.

Habitat/ecology:  In Fiji, naturalized in dry zones on open hillsides, in pastures and canefields, and along roadsides from sea level to about 60 m (Smith, 1979; p. 385). In New Caledonia, "maintenant très commun sur la Grande-Terre en végétation secondaire" (MacKee, 1994; p. 57).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Tropical Africa through India to China and Australia; naturalized elsewhere (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 48)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 34830)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S. T. Blake
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Aunu‘u Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Aunu‘u Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1976) (voucher ID: BISH 430465)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 46)
Voucher cited: Whistler 3278
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Whistler, W. A. (1980) (p. 163)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1993) (voucher ID: PTBG 27462)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 637071)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1984) (voucher ID: BISH 1000087)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 572593)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1986) (voucher ID: BISH 572594)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 74)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 435320)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 588755)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. (2000) (p. 27)
Voucher: BMW 5780 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
invasive
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 10)
Voucher cited: Flynn 6119 (PTBG)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 24538)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
invasive
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 54)
Vouchers cited: S.F. Glassman 2406 (BISH), W.B. Jacson 4 (BISH), L. Stemmermann 2915 (BISH), B.C. Stone 1964 (BISH)
Naturalized
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 124122)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 432434)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 572010)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island introduced
invasive
Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. (1969) (p. 3)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 46675 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Tomil Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 571841)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 39603)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 124124)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 432338)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 588753)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Kanathea Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lau Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1965) (voucher ID: BISH 31644)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Matuku Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Mbatiki Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Nairai Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Nayau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ngau Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Totoya Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Voucher cited: DA 14305
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Voucher cited: DA L.11008
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (pp. 385-387)
Vouchers cited: Greenwood 814, DA 8252, DA 8266, Degener 14960, DA 9061, DA 12584, DA 3029, DA 8116, DA 9362, DA 3950, DA 10134, DA 7747, DA 9122
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 31640)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1955) (voucher ID: BISH 31641)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1956) (voucher ID: BISH 31642)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1945) (voucher ID: BISH 31643)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6926 (PAP)
Adventice
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Adventice
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1978) (voucher ID: BISH 588374)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 588754)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 649560)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 1000152)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1502)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
invasive
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2006) (p. 38)
Voucher cited: Starr, Starr, Abbott & Mar 030730-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
Herbarium Pacificum Staff (1997) (p. 18)
East Maui. Voucher cited: R. Hobdy 3911 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1502)
Voucher cited: Hitchcock 15079 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Snow, Neil (2008) (p. 38)
Voucher cited: US Army 79 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2010) (p. 14)
Voucher cited: K. Kawelo USARMY 79 (BISH)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll   Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (pp. 78-79)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 631432)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kili (Kõle) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2006) (p. 3)
"Common to locally abundant; one of the dominant grasses of the airport, other fields and ruderal areas".
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll   Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (pp. 78-79)
Vouchers cited: Herbst 9625, Whistler 11264
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1993) (voucher ID: BISH 631451)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1998) (voucher ID: PTBG 47560)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S. T. Blake
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2007) (p. 3)
"Common; in lawns and ruderal areas".
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 48)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1988) (voucher ID: BISH 606426)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Maloelap Atoll   Imada, Clyde (2006)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
invasive
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A6)
Abundant; along runway, along pathway, other ruderal areas throughout Mili. Voucher 0722201003 (BISH, GUAM, PTBG)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Wotje (Wõjjã) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2009) (p. 2)
Voucher cited: Vander Velde 0514200910
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe (1996) (p. 380)
Possibly indigenous.
Très commune sur la Grande-Terre en formations secondaires.
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre possibly native
invasive
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 67)
Voucher cited: Baudouin 583
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. (1996) (p. 457)
New Zealand (offshore islands)
Kermadec Islands
Raoul Island introduced
invasive
Edgar, E./Connor, H. (2000) (p. 602)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 46)
Voucher cited: Krause 1588
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 26)
Voucher: Flynn 6691 (PTBG, K, NIUE)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. (1997) (p. 54)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate (2004) (p. 39)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2000) (voucher ID: PTBG 30192)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S. T. Blake
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 88)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 651033)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 651087)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1999) (voucher ID: BISH 662913)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1997) (voucher ID: BISH 697866)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1982) (voucher ID: BNM 3154)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3087)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1977) (voucher ID: BISH 428555)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1977) (voucher ID: BNM 10013)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) Blake
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 36)
As Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island   Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.) (1981) (voucher ID: BNM 3123)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 90)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Bkul a Chesemiich Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (p. 92)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngchelobel Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 20)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 46)
Voucher cited: Whistler 2330
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 46)
Voucher cited: Parham 9708
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1974) (voucher ID: BISH 418167)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Mbanika Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 1001204)
Taxon name on voucher: Dichanthium bladhii (Retz.) Clayton
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 58)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 65)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 15440
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 115060)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1953) (voucher ID: BISH 115061)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 490415)
Taxon name on voucher: Bothriochloa bladhii (Retz.) S.T.Blake
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Vava‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 65)
Cited: Crosby.
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis and Futuna Islands   Whistler, W. A. (1988) (p. 46)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South Australia, Western Australia
Australia
Australia (continental)
New South Wales native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Exposed slopes, waste ground; 400-1600 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan.
China
China
Hong Kong native
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 327)
On grassy hillslopes.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
Edgar, E./Connor, H. (2000)
Naturalised
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) uncertain if introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 19)
Weed of uncertain origin
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Exposed slopes, waste ground; 400-1600 m.
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
invasive
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 106)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands introduced
invasive
Orchard, Anthony E., ed. (1993) (p. 38)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island   Topp, J. M. W. (1988) (p. 17)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Texas
Naturalized

Additional information:
Additional online information about Bothriochloa bladhii is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Bothriochloa bladhii as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Bothriochloa bladhii may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Australian National Botanic Gardens. 2013. Australian plant common name database. Online resource.

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1977. Voucher specimen #BNM10013(Otobed, D.O. PW-10013).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1981. Voucher specimen #BNM3123(Timberlake, J. 3123).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1981. Voucher specimen #BNM3087(Timberlake, J. 3087).

Beleu National Museum (Republic of Palau. Koror.). 1982. Voucher specimen #BNM3154(Timberlake, J. 3154).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1936. Voucher specimen #BISH 39603 (Takamatsu, M. 1887).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1945. Voucher specimen #BISH 31643 (Parham, B.E. 3029).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1946. Voucher specimen #BISH 571841 (Hosaka, E.Y. 3265).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1949. Voucher specimen #BISH 124122 (Glassman, S.F. 2406).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 115060 (Yuncker, T.G. 15546).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1953. Voucher specimen #BISH 115061 (Yuncker, T.G. 15440).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1955. Voucher specimen #BISH 31641 (Parham, J.W. 9061).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1956. Voucher specimen #BISH 31642 (Koroiveibau, D. 10134).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1956. Voucher specimen #BISH 124124 (Alvis, R.J. 77).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1956. Voucher specimen #BISH 572010 (Jackson, W.B. 4).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1962. Voucher specimen #BISH 31640 (Solvalu, F.S. 12584).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1965. Voucher specimen #BISH 31644 (Mara, R.K.K.T. L11008).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1974. Voucher specimen #BISH 418167 (Whistler, W.A. W1527).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1976. Voucher specimen #BISH 430465 (Whistler, W.A. W3768).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1977. Voucher specimen #BISH 428555 (Fosberg, F.R. PW-10013).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1977. Voucher specimen #BISH 432338 (Stemmermann, R.L. 3130).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1977. Voucher specimen #BISH 432434 (Stemmermann, R.L. 2915).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1977. Voucher specimen #BISH 435320 (Stemmermann, R.L. 3101).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1978. Voucher specimen #BISH 588374 (Fosberg, F.R. 58333).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1980. Voucher specimen #BISH 490415 (G.P.Buelow 2338).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1980. Voucher specimen #BISH 588753 (Fosberg, F.R. 60031).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1980. Voucher specimen #BISH 588754 (Fosberg, F.R. 59623).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1980. Voucher specimen #BISH 588755 (Fosberg, F.R. 60365).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1983. Voucher specimen #BISH 649560 (Herbst, D.R. 7185).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1983. Voucher specimen #BISH 1000152 (Herbst, D.R. 7185).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1984. Voucher specimen #BISH 637071 (Herbst, D.R. 7257).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1984. Voucher specimen #BISH 1000087 (Herbst, D.R. 7257).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1986. Voucher specimen #BISH 572593 (Raulerson, L. 13132).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1986. Voucher specimen #BISH 572594 (Raulerson, L. 13132).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1988. Voucher specimen #BISH 606426 (Herbst, D.R. 9193).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1991. Voucher specimen #BISH 1001204 (Herbst, D.R. s.n.).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1993. Voucher specimen #BISH 631432 (Herbst, D.R. 9635).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1993. Voucher specimen #BISH 631451 (Herbst, D.R. 9625).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1996. Voucher specimen #BISH 651033 (Falanruw, M.V.C. LR26653).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1996. Voucher specimen #BISH 651087 (Falanruw, M.V.C. LR26653).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1997. Voucher specimen #BISH 697866 (Herbst, D.R. 9827).

Bishop Museum (Honolulu). 1999. Voucher specimen #BISH 662913 (Herbst, D.R. 9867).

Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. 2009. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. 273 pp.

Edgar, E./Connor, H. 2000. Flora of New Zealand, vol. V: Gramineae. Manaaki Whenua Press. .

Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. 2013. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP). (online resource).

Fosberg, F. R./Evans, M. 1969. A collection of plants from Fais, Caroline Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 133. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 15 pp.

Fosberg, F. R./Otobed, D./Sachet, M.-H./Oliver, R. L./Powell, D. A./Canfield, J. E. 1980. Vascular plants of Palau with vernacular names. Department of Botany, The Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 43 pp.

Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce. 1987. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Micronesica 20:1-126.

Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex. 2010. New plant records from O‘ahu for 2008. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Eldredge, Lucias G., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2008. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 107:3-18.

Gargominy, Oliver/Bouchet, Philipe/Pascal, Michel/Jaffre, Tanguy/Tourneu, Jean-Christophe. 1996. Conséquences des introductions d'espèces animales et végétales sur la biodiversité en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Rev. Ecol. (Terre Vie) 51:375-401.

Herbarium Pacificum Staff. 1997. New Hawaiian plant records for 1996. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Miller, Scott, E., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1996. Part 2: Notes. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 49:18-19.

Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. 2010. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei with local names and uses. Allertonia, in press. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, Hawai‘i. 146 pp.

Imada, Clyde. 2006. Flora of the Marshall Islands: Maloelap Atoll. Species determinations by Clyde Imada, Bishop Museum Herbarium, Hawai‘i. Unpublished checklist, 2 pp.

Kato, Hidetoshi. 2007. Herbarium records of Makino Herbarium, Tokyo Metropolitan University. Personal communication.

Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy. 2010. Checklist of the plants of Kosrae. Unpublished checklist. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, Hawai‘i. 26 pp.

MacKee, H. S. 1994. Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 164 p.

National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.). 0. Voucher specimen #PTBG34830(collector unknown; collector's voucher number unknown).

National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.). 1998. Voucher specimen #PTBG47560(Art Whistler 11264).

National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.). 2000. Voucher specimen #PTBG30192(Tim Flynn 6691).

Orchard, Anthony E., ed. 1993. Flora of Australia. Vol. 50, Oceanic islands 2. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. 2003. Botanical and ethnobotanical inventories of the National Park of American Samoa. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kalaheo, Hawaii and Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, Department of Botany, University of Hawaii. 91 pp.

Smith, Albert C. 1979. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. Volume 1. 494 pp.

Snow, Neil. 2008. Notes on grasses (Poaceae) in Hawai‘i. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Eldredge, Lucias G., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2007. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 100:38-43.

Space, James C./Flynn, Tim. 2000. Report to the Government of Niue on invasive plant species of environmental concern.  USDA Forest Service, Honolulu. 34 pp.

Space, James C./Flynn, Tim. 2001. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern.  USDA Forest Service, Honolulu. 78 pp.

Space, James C./Flynn, Tim. 2002. Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on invasive plant species of environmental concern. USDA Forest Service, Honolulu. 146 pp.

Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie. 2009. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species. USDA Forest Service, Hilo, Hawai‘i. 227 pp.

Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara M./Newfield, Melanie/Bull, Cate. 2004. Report to the Government of Niue and the United Nations Development Programme: Invasive plant species on Niue following Cyclone Heta. UNDP NIU/98/G31 - Niue Enabling Activity. 80 pp.

Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Denslow, Julie S./Nelson, Duane/Waguk, Erick E. 2000. Invasive plant species on Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia.  USDA Forest Service, Honolulu. 43 pp.

Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar. 2003. Report to the Republic of Palau on invasive plant species of environmental concern. USDA Forest Service, Honolulu. 174 pp.

Stanley, T. D./Ross, E. M. 1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Misc. Pub. 81020. 3 Volumes.

Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. 2006. New plant records from the Hawaiian Archipelago. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Eldredge, Lucias G., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2004-2005. Part 1: Articles. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 87:31-43.

Swarbrick, J. T. 1997. Environmental weeds and exotic plants on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean: a report to Parks Australia. 101 pp. plus appendix.

Sykes, W. R./West, C. J. 1996. New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 34:447-462.

Topp, J. M. W. 1988. An annotated check list of the flora of Diego Garcia, British Ocean Territory. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 313. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 21 pp.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. 2013. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online searchable database.

Vander Velde, Nancy. 0. Nancy Vander Velde, pers. com.

Vander Velde, Nancy. 2003. The vascular plants of Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands. Smithsonian Institution, Atoll Research Bulletin No. 503:1-141.

Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian. 2006. Plants of Kili Island, Marshall Islands. Unpublished checklist. 12 pp.

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Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian. 2009. Specimens from Likiep, Majuro, Wotje and Arno (unpublished checklist). 4 pp.

Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian. 2010. Survey of Invasive Plant Species and Other Plants of Mili Atoll, Marshall Islands. USDA Forest Resource Management Grant Program. Unpublished report. 6 pp, plus tabulation of plants of Mili Atoll, 23 pp.

Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. 2013. Flora of Micronesia. National Tropical Botanical Garden and the Smithsonian Institution. Online database.

Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. 1999. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Revised edition. Bernice P. Bishop Museum special publication. University of Hawai‘i Press/Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 1919 pp. (two volumes).

Whistler, W. A. 1980. The vegetation of eastern Samoa. Allertonia 2:45-90.

Whistler, W. A. 1988. Checklist of the weed flora of western Polynesia. Technical Paper No. 194, South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 69 pp.

Whistler, W. A./Atherton, J. 1997. Botanical survey of the Huvalu Forest Conservation Area, Niue. Unpublished technical report. 76 pp.

Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. 1999. Botanical survey of the United States of America Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Islands. Prepared for Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education and the U. S. Army Environmental Center. 111 pp.

Wu, Te-lin. 2001. Check List of Hong Kong Plants. Hong Kong Herbarium and the South China Institute of Botany. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1 (revised). 384 pp.

Yuncker, T. G. 1959. Plants of Tonga. Bishop Museum Bull. 220. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 343 pp.

Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong. 2013. Flora of China (online resource).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 3 MAR 2013.