Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Allamanda cathartica
L., Apocynaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results: 

High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment (Pacific))
Reject, score 12 (Go to the risk assessment (U.S. (Florida)))

Other Latin names:  Allamanda cathartica var. hendersonii (W. Bull ex Dombrain) L. H. Bailey & Raffill; Allamanda hendersonii Bull ex Dombrain; Allamanda nobilis T. Moore

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: ruan zhi huang chan

English: allamanda, angel's trumpet, brownbud allamanda, buttercup vine, common trumpetvine, cup of gold, golden allamanda, golden cup, golden trumpet, yellow allamanda, yellow trumpet vine, yellowbell

French: allamanda, canari, liane à lait, liane jaune, liane s'aime, monette jaune

Hawaiian: lani ali‘i, nani ali‘i

Maori (Cook Islands): ‘aramena, pua, puapua, pūpua, pupua, tiare rengarenga

Pohnpeian: pah-toh, pahtou

Samoan: pua taunofo, pua taunofo

Spanish: allamanda, campana de oro, copa de oro

Tahitian: piti

Tongan: pua, pula

Tongarevan (spoken): tiale lenga

Tongarevan (written): tiare renga

Habit:  vine

Description:  "An evergreen scandent shrub; branches circular, smooth and green. Leaves in whorls of 4 or opposite, oblong, obovate or oblanceolate, 6-10 x 3-4 cm, acuminate, cuneate, ± coriaceous, penni-nerved, entire, glabrous above, pilose on nerves beneath; petiole short c. 5 mm long. Inflorescence axillary or a terminal cymose panicle, bracts deciduous. Flower showy, bright yellow. c. 8 cm in diameter. Sepals 5, lanceolate-ovate, acuminate, glabrous, c. 7-10 mm long. Corolla tube c.2.5 cm long, throat infundibuliform, c. 1.25 cm in diameter, lobes orbricular-rotundate c. 3.5 x 4 cm, glabrous. Stamens inserted in the throat, acute, c. 3.5 mm long; filament very short; style c. 2.5 cm long, filiform; fruit a globose-subglobose prickly capsule, c. 2-3 cm long, prickles soft, c. 7.5 mm long, seeds many, obovate, flat winged"  (Flora of Pakistan online).

"Shrub with scandent branches or all climbingLeaves in whorls of 4 or 3 or some opposite; petioles 2-3 mm long; blades obovate to oblong-lanceolate, 5-12 x 2.5-6 cm, base narrowed, apex acuminate, margin entire, leathery.  Flowers with calyx eglandular; corolla 7-9 cm long, 5-7.5 cm across, bright yellow.  Capsules globose, 4 cm in diameter, densely covered with soft spines 1 cm long; seeds compressed, tan, slightly margined" (Howard, 1989; p. 100).

"Climbing shrub; leaves whorled, oblong-lanceolate, acute-acuminate, 8-15 cm long, mostly 4-5 cm wide; inflorescence of about 10 flowers; corolla tube 4 cm long (or more), the spreading lobes totaling 6-7 cm wide (or more), bright yellow; stamens very short; capsules (very rare in cultivation)" (Stone, 1970; p. 477).

"A scrambling plant which may form a shrub-like clump or climb into nearby vegetation (clumps are usually 2 m tall and 2-3 m wide).  Several cultivars have been developed for gardens (depending on the cultivar, flower colour ranges from pink to yellow)"  (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 92).  Also, small- and large-flowered forms (Stone, 1970; p. 477).

Habitat/ecology:  Moist, well-drained sunny soils. "A weed of roadsides in the 'wet tropics' region of north Queensland [Australia]" (Csurhes & Edwards, 1998; p. 92).  "Wild and naturalized allamanda grows on riverbanks in Suriname (Tropilab Inc. 2002), on disturbed sites in Florida (Long and Lakela 1976), along roads (Liogier 1995), and on abandoned farms, house places, and around clandestine dumps in Puerto Rico (author's observation). The species is intolerant to intermediate in tolerance to shade. It can grow below brush and a thin forest canopy, usually without blooming, but blooms and makes its greatest growth in full sun. Allamanda grows best in well drained, moist, sandy soils rich in organic matter (Barcellos 2002). It does not tolerate salty soils, highly alkaline conditions, and is killed by temperatures of -1° C (Floridata 2002, Tropilab Inc. 2002). In Nicaragua, the species occurs between 0 and 700 m in elevation (Stevens and others 2001). Allamanda has naturalized in Puerto Rico in areas that receive between about 1000 and 2800 mm of mean annual precipitation"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

In Fiji, "abundantly cultivated near sea level and occasionally naturalized" (Smith, 1988; p. 100). In New Caledonia, "très commun comme plante ornementale" (MacKee, 1994). Arid lowlands and moist uplands in the Galápagos Islands (McMullen, 1999; p. 318).

Propagation:  Seeds and cuttings.

Native range:  Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela; widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 42)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 32)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island introduced
cultivated
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 57)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1929) (voucher ID: BISH 129955)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 88)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island   Wagner, W. L./ Herbst, D. R./Weitzman, A./Lorence, D.H. (2013)
cv. Hendersonii
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 73)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 78)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1991) (voucher ID: BISH 665034)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 84)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 63)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Sierra Negra, Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Chuuk Islands   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1947) (voucher ID: BISH 129961)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 78109)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Manner, H. I./Mallon, E. (1989) (p. 55)
Voucher cited: Manner & Mallon 296 (GUAM)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1935) (voucher ID: BISH 78108)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1980) (voucher ID: BISH 649341)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda hendersonii Bull.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 12)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 78111)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 78114)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
Also cv. Hendersonii
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Glassman, S. F. (1952) (p. 90)
Voucher cited: Kanehira 1535 (NY); var. hendersonii (Bull.) Baile & Raffill, voucher cited Glassman 2721 (US)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
cultivated
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 68)
Vouchers cited: E. Albert 37 (NY), E. Albert 37b (NY, PTBG), A. Dores 217 (NY, PTBG), S.F. Glassman 2721 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3545 (BISH), Y. Salomon 45 (PTBG), M. Takamatsu 757 (BISH), C.Y.C. Wong 51 (BISH); cv 'Hendersonii' widely cultivated.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 78110)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1946) (voucher ID: BISH 129959)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1949) (voucher ID: BISH 129960)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1968) (voucher ID: PTBG 26440)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 43555)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island   Swarbrick, John T. (1997) (p. 88)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 101)
Cv. Hendersonii. Vouchers cited: Greenwood 1195, DA 16785, DA 11553
Occasionally naturalized.
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1969) (voucher ID: BISH 33454)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 21)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 11109 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
cv. 'hendersonii'. Voucher cited: B.G. Decker 2650 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Grant, Martin Lawrence;Fosberg, F. Raymond/Smith, Howard M. (1974) (p. 39)
Voucher cited: Mumford & Adamson 407 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 1936 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39907)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica 'Hendersonii'
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 6)
var. hendersonii (Bull) Rafill
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 33)
Voucher cited: Grant 4112
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 6)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 649185)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1981) (voucher ID: PTBG 26429)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica 'Hendersonii'
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 33)
Vouchers cited: Moore 273, Moore 320
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
cultivated
Grant, Martin Lawrence;Fosberg, F. Raymond/Smith, Howard M. (1974) (p. 39)
Voucher cited: Moore 273 (BISH, MIN)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island   Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 6)
var. hendersonii (Bull) Rafill
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Welsh, S. L. (1998) (p. 33)
Vouchers cited: Florence 2243, BRY 24803
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Grant, Martin Lawrence;Fosberg, F. Raymond/Smith, Howard M. (1974) (p. 39)
Voucher cited: Grant 4112 (BISH, MIN)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Allamanda cathartica 'Hendersonii'. Voucher cited: J. Florence 2243 (PAP)
Ornementale trés abondante.
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1982) (voucher ID: BISH 491503)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
cv. "hendersonii". Voucher cited: J. Florence 9094 (PAP). "Ornementale subspontanée"
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 13)
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6118 (PAP)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 404872)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1983) (voucher ID: BISH 552837)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisé
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1934) (voucher ID: BISH 404871)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 477)
Vouchers cited: Stone 4271 (GUAM), Stone 4404 (GUAM)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
Also cv. Hendersonii
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1962) (voucher ID: BISH 129956)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 649339)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1966) (voucher ID: PTBG 26441)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaho‘olawe Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
cultivated
Staples, George W./Herbst, Derral R. (2005) (pp. 118-119)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands introduced
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii. Not seen by Space & Imada, 2004.
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 98)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 64)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island introduced
cultivated
Thaman, R. R./Fosberg, F. R./Manner, H. I./Hassall, D. C. (1994) (p. 90)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 58697 (US)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 15)
Voucher cited: MacKee 21468
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 44)
Voucher cited: CHR 168844
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2000) (p. 7)
Niue
Niue
Niue Island introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1943) (p. 96)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9937 (BISH)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 8, 84)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 650470)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1996) (voucher ID: BISH 661161)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 213)
cv. Hendersonii
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 8, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1950) (voucher ID: BISH 129957)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda cathartica L.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1968) (voucher ID: BISH 571483)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda hendersonii Bull.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island   Bishop Museum (Honolulu) (1966) (voucher ID: BISH 649343)
Taxon name on voucher: Allamanda hendersonii Bull.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Malakal (Ngemelachel) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 8, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Waterhouse, Barbara/Miles, Joel E./Tiobech, Joseph/Rengulbai, Kashgar (2003) (pp. 8, 79)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Ngerkebesang Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Space, James C./Lorence, David H./LaRosa, Anne Marie (2009) (p. 10)
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago cultivated
Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (p. 439)
In gardens.
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
invasive
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 320)
Cultivated for ornamental purposes, occasionally semi-established in thickets near dwellings or settlements.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
cultivated
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 46)
Voucher cited: Fosberg & B. Christian 11182
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 69)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island introduced
invasive
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2002) (p. 65)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 45)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Lifuka and Foa Islands introduced
cultivated
Space, James C./Flynn, Tim (2001) (p. 70)
Tonga
Tonga Islands
Tonga Islands introduced
cultivated
Yuncker, T. G. (1959) (p. 218)
"Frequent in villages".
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
cultivated
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 30)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
invasive
Csurhes, S./Edwards, R. (1998) (p. 92)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.
China
China
Hong Kong introduced
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 209)
Ornamental.
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Guatemala
Guatemala
Guatemala (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco
Naturalized
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Nicaragua (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
invasive
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 12)
Casual
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island introduced
invasive
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island introduced
cultivated
Swarbrick, J. T. (1997) (p. 102)
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
cultivated
Lavergne, Christophe (2006)
"Cultivé"
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized

Comments:  Widely cultivated. Invasive in northern Queensland, Australia.

Control: 

Physical:  "Getting rid of spot infestations can be difficult.  Cutting is ineffective. For grubbing to work, removal of the plant stems and roots from the site must be complete" (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).


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This page was created on 1 JAN 1999 and was last updated on 20 FEB 2013.