Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Xanthium spinosum
(Asteraceae)

image of Xanthium spinosum image of Xanthium spinosum image of Xanthium spinosum
MORE IMAGES
HEAR home  >  species info  >  plants  >  Xanthium spinosum (Asteraceae)
(hints)
Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Control methods Images
Distribution Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.


Species description or overview

Xanthium spinosum information from PIER
Information on Xanthium spinosum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Xanthium spinosum description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Xanthium spinosum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Xanthium spinosum
Nomenclatural information about Xanthium spinosum is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Xanthium spinosum information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Xanthium spinosum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Xanthium spinosum
Nomenclatural information about Xanthium spinosum is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Xanthium spinosum (Asteraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Xanthium spinosum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Xanthium spinosum impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Xanthium spinosum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Control methods

Xanthium spinosum management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Xanthium spinosum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Xanthium spinosum images from PIER
Images of Xanthium spinosum provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Xanthium spinosum worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Xanthium spinosum is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Weeds of the West
Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, and Robert Parker. Whitson, Tom D. (ed.) . 2001. Weeds of the West. 9th ed. Laramie: University of Wyoming. ISBN: 0-941570-13-4.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Experts

Xanthium spinosum contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Xanthium spinosum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Xanthium spinosum references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Xanthium spinosum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


PDF icon Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this). download Acrobat reader


The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

species lists  ]    [  plants  ]    [  HEAR home  ]

Comments?  Questions?  Send e-mail to: webmaster@hear.org

The content of this page is based on information last generated on 07 August 2017 by PT. The template for this page was created on 15 March 2004 by EMS, and was last updated on 20 February 2006 by PT. Valid HTML 4.01!