Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Syzygium cumini
(Myrtaceae)

Java plum, jambolan plum

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Syzygium cumini is native to India and southeast Asia. 


Species description or overview

Information about Syzygium cumini from IUCN's ISSG/GISD
ISSG

Syzygium cumini information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Syzygium cumini from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Syzygium cumini information from PIER
Information on Syzygium cumini as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Syzygium cumini description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Syzygium cumini as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Syzygium cumini
Nomenclatural information about Syzygium cumini is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Syzygium cumini information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Syzygium cumini--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Syzygium cumini information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Syzygium cumini, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Syzygium cumini
Nomenclatural information about Syzygium cumini is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Syzygium cumini as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Syzygium cumini impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Syzygium cumini as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Syzygium cumini weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Syzygium cumini for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Syzygium cumini for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Syzygium cumini for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Syzygium cumini information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Syzygium cumini from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Syzygium cumini management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Syzygium cumini as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This comprehensive review of herbicide application methods includes calculations for formulations, and appendices listing herbicides registered for use in Hawaii and their toxicities (University of Hawaii, 2002).


Images

Images of Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) (java plum)
Links to high-resolution free images of Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) (java plum) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Syzygium cumini information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Syzygium cumini in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Syzygium cumini images from PIER
Images of Syzygium cumini provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Syzygium cumini information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Syzygium cumini in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Syzygium cumini information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Syzygium cumini--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Syzygium cumini worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Syzygium cumini is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Disease index for the rust Puccinia psidii on ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) in Hawaii
Uchida, Janice Y., Robert C. Anderson, Chris Y. Kadooka, Anne Marie LaRosa, and Cheresa Coles. 2008. Disease index for the rust Puccinia psidii on ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) in Hawaii. CTAHR Plant Disease publication PD-38, Feb. 2008. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR). Honolulu. 16 pp. illus.

Disease index for the rust Puccinia psidii on rose apple in Hawaii
Anderson, Robert C. and Janet Y. Uchida. 2008. Disease index for the rust Puccinia psidii on rose apple in Hawaii. CTAHR Plant Disease publication PD-38, Feb. 2008. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR). Honolulu. 12 pp. illus.

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


Experts

Syzygium cumini contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Syzygium cumini as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Syzygium cumini references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Syzygium cumini as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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