Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Sophora chrysophylla
(Fabaceae)

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.


Species description or overview

Sophora chrysophylla information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Sophora chrysophylla--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Sophora chrysophylla information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Sophora chrysophylla is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Sophora chrysophylla
Nomenclatural information about Sophora chrysophylla is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Sophora chrysophylla information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sophora chrysophylla--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Sophora chrysophylla information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Sophora chrysophylla, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Sophora chrysophylla
Nomenclatural information about Sophora chrysophylla is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Cultivation & propagation

Sophora chrysophylla (mamane) propagation and cultivation (UH/CTAHR)
Mamane propagation by scarified seed is reviewed in the Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database from the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

Sophora chrysophylla information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Sophora chrysophylla--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.


Images

Sophora chrysophylla images from HEAR
High-quality images of Sophora chrysophylla are provided by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Images of Sophora chrysophylla (Fabaceae) (mamane)
Links to high-resolution free images of Sophora chrysophylla (Fabaceae) (mamane) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Sophora chrysophylla information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sophora chrysophylla in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Sophora chrysophylla images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Sophora chrysophylla are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Sophora chrysophylla images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Sophora chrysophylla are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.


Distribution

Sophora chrysophylla information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sophora chrysophylla in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Sophora chrysophylla information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sophora chrysophylla--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.


Where to see this species

Auwahi - Dry forest of Maui
Images, history, and ethnobotany of Auwahi are on the HEAR website.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Full-text articles

Feral sheep vs the mamane ecosystem in the Mauna Kea Plan
Mull, Mae E. 1977. Feral sheep vs the mamane ecosystem in the Mauna Kea Plan. 'Elepaio 38, no. 5:54-.

Impact of feral herbivores on mamane forests of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Bark stripping and diameter class structure
Scowcroft, Paul G. and Howard F. Sakai. 1983. Impact of feral herbivores on mamane forests of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Bark stripping and diameter class structure. Journal of Range Management 36:495-98.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Biological control of gorse in Hawaii: a program review
Markin, George P., Patrick Conant, Eloise Killgore, and Ernest Yoshioka. 2002. Biological control of gorse in Hawaii: a program review. pp. 53-1 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.


Abstracts

Differential parasitism of seed-feeding Cydia (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) by native and alien wasp species relative to elevation in subalpine Sophora (Fabaceae) forests on Mauna Kea, Hawaii
Complex interactions between native Lepidoptera and introduced biological control agents need to be considered in risk analysis for biological control introductions and invasive species programs (Journal of Insect Conservation, 2006).


Other resources

Amakihi (Hemignathus virens) overview
A brief overview of amakihi and drawings of the bird are on the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources blog.

Feral sheep vs the mamane ecosystem in the Mauna Kea Plan
Mull, Mae E. 1977. Feral sheep vs the mamane ecosystem in the Mauna Kea Plan. 'Elepaio 38, no. 5:54-.

Impact of feral herbivores on mamane forests of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Bark stripping and diameter class structure
Scowcroft, Paul G. and Howard F. Sakai. 1983. Impact of feral herbivores on mamane forests of Mauna Kea, Hawaii: Bark stripping and diameter class structure. Journal of Range Management 36:495-98.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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