Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Solanum viarum
(Solanaceae)

tropical soda apple

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Solanum viarum is native to Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. 


Species description or overview

Solanum viarum information from PIER
Information on Solanum viarum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Solanum viarum description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Solanum viarum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Solanum viarum
Nomenclatural information about Solanum viarum is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Solanum viarum information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Solanum viarum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Solanum viarum
Nomenclatural information about Solanum viarum is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Solanum viarum (Solanaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Solanum viarum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Solanum viarum impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Solanum viarum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Weed risk assessment for Solanum viarum for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Solanum viarum for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Solanum viarum management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Solanum viarum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Biocontrol efforts

USDA-APHIS-PPQ Biocontrol target pest canvassing and evaluation View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A list of new weed biocontrol targets was compiled through feasibility studies by USDA APHIS and collaborating agencies. Feasibility summaries are provided for 16 weed species (2005-2006).

Field release of a nonindigenous beetle, Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), for biological control of tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum (Solanaceae) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The environmental assessment of proposed release of a beetle for biocontrol of tropical soda apple is provided by USDA APHIS (2003)


Images

Solanum viarum images from PIER
Images of Solanum viarum provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum images and overview
Identification, biology, and control of Solanum viarum are in resources linked to this page from www.invasives.org.


Distribution

Solanum viarum worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Solanum viarum is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.


Experts

Solanum viarum contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Solanum viarum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Solanum viarum references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Solanum viarum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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