Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Sida fallax
(Malvaceae)

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Cultural uses Cultivation & propagation Images
Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles  

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Species description or overview

Sida fallax information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Sida fallax--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Sida fallax overview View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information on ilima ecology, reproduction, cultural uses, and habitat is provided by the US Forest Service.

Sida fallax information from NTBG
Information about Sida fallax is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Sida fallax
Nomenclatural information about Sida fallax is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Sida fallax information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sida fallax--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Sida fallax information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Sida fallax, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Sida fallax
Nomenclatural information about Sida fallax is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Cultural uses

In the Garden: Lei makers can use many native plants
native plants that are good for lei making are the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 11/5/2004).

Ilima natural history
The role of ilima in Hawaiian legend, culture, song, and history is described (Maui Attractions Newsletter, 2005).


Cultivation & propagation

Sida fallax ('ilima) propagation and cultivation (UH/CTAHR)
Ilima propagation by seed and cuttings is reviewed in the Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database from the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

Sida fallax information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Sida fallax--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

How to plant a native Hawaiian garden View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
An instructional handbook on planting a native Hawaiian garden was prepared by Office of Environmental Quality Control to guide the establishment of native gardens in schools throughout Hawaii to stimulate the awareness and appreciation of Hawaii's rare and fragile environmental resources (1992).

In the Garden: Coastal plants have evolved for survival
Coastal plants well adapted to landscape use are the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 10/1/2004).

In the Garden: Ilima papa grows well as ground cover in dry soil
Ilima papa (Sida fallax), accustomed to extremely harsh conditions such as salt spray, is the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 1/13/2006).

Best native plants for landscapes View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Endemic and indigenous Hawaiian plants used in landscapes are pictured in this publication from the University of Hawaii.

Native plant propagation - Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Propagation methods of various native plants for Midway restoration are described (1999).


Images

Images of Sida fallax (Malvaceae) (ilima)
Links to high-resolution free images of Sida fallax (Malvaceae) (ilima) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Sida fallax information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sida fallax in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Sida fallax images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Sida fallax are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Sida fallax images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Sida fallax are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.

Sida fallax images by Karl Magnacca
Images of Sida fallax by Karl Magnacca are available online.


Distribution

Sida fallax information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sida fallax in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Sida fallax information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Sida fallax--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.


Where to see this species

A nature walk to Kaena Point
Arrigoni, Edward. 1978. A nature walk to Kaena Point. Honolulu: Topgallant Publishing Co., Ltd. ISBN: 0-914916-30-0.

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.

Kaena Point natural area reserve ecosystem restoration project
The resources of Kaena, and threats to the wildlife, are depicted on this US Fish and Wildlife site.


Books

A nature walk to Kaena Point
Arrigoni, Edward. 1978. A nature walk to Kaena Point. Honolulu: Topgallant Publishing Co., Ltd. ISBN: 0-914916-30-0.

Natural history of Nihoa and Necker Islands (citation)
The Nihoa and Necker Islands Biological Survey Handbook citation, list of taxa covered in this Bishop Museum publication, and link to purchase information are on the HEAR bibliography site.


Full-text articles

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Native Plant Propagation: Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge
Martz, K. and F. Starr. 1999. Native Plant Propagation: Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. Report prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets. Prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and K. Wood. 2006. Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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