Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Schefflera actinophylla
(Araliaceae)

Australian umbrella tree, Queensland umbrella tree, ivy palm, octopus tree, umbrella tree

image of Schefflera actinophylla image of Schefflera actinophylla image of Schefflera actinophylla
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Schefflera actinophylla is native to northern Australia, New Guinea, and Java. 


Species description or overview

Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) images and overview
Schefflera actinophylla images, description, and herbarium sheet are presented by New South Wales Flora Online.

Schefflera actinophylla information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Schefflera actinophylla from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Schefflera actinophylla information from PIER
Information on Schefflera actinophylla as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Schefflera actinophylla description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Schefflera actinophylla as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Schefflera actinophylla information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Schefflera actinophylla is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."

Schefflera actinophylla information from NTBG
Information about Schefflera actinophylla is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Schefflera actinophylla
Nomenclatural information about Schefflera actinophylla is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Schefflera actinophylla information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Schefflera actinophylla--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Schefflera actinophylla information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Schefflera actinophylla, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Schefflera actinophylla
Nomenclatural information about Schefflera actinophylla is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Schefflera actinophylla (Araliaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Schefflera actinophylla as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Schefflera actinophylla impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Schefflera actinophylla as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Schefflera actinophylla weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Schefflera actinophylla for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Schefflera actinophylla for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Schefflera actinophylla for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Schefflera actinophylla information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Schefflera actinophylla from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Schefflera actinophylla management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Schefflera actinophylla as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) chemical treatments View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
An umbrella tree herbicide screening trial in Queensland identified effective controls.


Images

Images of Schefflera actinophylla (Araliaceae) (octopus tree, umbrella plant)
Links to high-resolution free images of Schefflera actinophylla (Araliaceae) (octopus tree, umbrella plant) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Schefflera actinophylla information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Schefflera actinophylla in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) images and overview
Schefflera actinophylla images, description, and herbarium sheet are presented by New South Wales Flora Online.

Schefflera actinophylla images from PIER
Images of Schefflera actinophylla provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Schefflera actinophylla information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Schefflera actinophylla in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Schefflera actinophylla information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Schefflera actinophylla--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Schefflera actinophylla worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Schefflera actinophylla is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Host specificity and risk assessment of Heteroperryia hubrichi, a potential classical biological control agent of christmasberry (Schinus terebinthifolius) in Hawaii
Hight, Stephen D. 2002. Host specificity and risk assessment of Heteroperryia hubrichi, a potential classical biological control agent of christmasberry (Schinus terebinthifolius) in Hawaii. pp 30-44 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.


Experts

Schefflera actinophylla contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Schefflera actinophylla as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Schefflera actinophylla references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Schefflera actinophylla as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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