Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Ricinus communis
(Euphorbiaceae)

castor bean, castor-oil plant

image of Ricinus communis image of Ricinus communis image of Ricinus communis
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
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Ricinus communis is native to Africa. 


Species description or overview

Ricinus communis information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Ricinus communis from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Ricinus communis information from PIER
Information on Ricinus communis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Ricinis communis (Euphorbiaceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Ricinis communis (Euphorbiaceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Ricinus communis description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Ricinus communis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Ricinus communis information from NTBG
Information about Ricinus communis is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Ricinus communis
Nomenclatural information about Ricinus communis is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Ricinus communis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ricinus communis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Ricinus communis information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Ricinus communis, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Ricinus communis
Nomenclatural information about Ricinus communis is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Ricinus communis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Ricinus communis impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Ricinus communis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Ricinus communis weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Ricinus communis for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Ricinus communis (Florida) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Ricinus communis for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).

Weed risk assessment for Ricinus communis (United States of America) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Ricinus communis for United States of America is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Ricinus communis information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Ricinus communis from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Ricinus communis management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Ricinus communis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) (castor bean)
Links to high-resolution free images of Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae) (castor bean) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Ricinus communis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ricinus communis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Ricinus communis images from PIER
Images of Ricinus communis provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Ricinus communis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ricinus communis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Ricinus communis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ricinus communis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Ricinus communis worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Ricinus communis is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Where to see this species

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Weeds of the West
Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, and Robert Parker. Whitson, Tom D. (ed.) . 2001. Weeds of the West. 9th ed. Laramie: University of Wyoming. ISBN: 0-941570-13-4.

A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants
Perry, Frances and Roy Hay. 1982. A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants. Ward Lock Limited, Great Britain. 136 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-442-26859-9.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


Experts

Ricinus communis contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Ricinus communis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Ricinus communis references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Ricinus communis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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