Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Rhizophora mangle
(Rhizophoraceae)

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Species description or overview

Traditional tree Rhizophora species (Atlantic-East Pacific red mangrove) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
An Atlantic-East Pacific red mangrove overview is provided by the Traditional Tree Initiative's species profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry (www.traditionaltree.org).

Rhizophora mangle information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Rhizophora mangle from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Rhizophora mangle description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Rhizophora mangle as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Rhizophora mangle information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Rhizophora mangle is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."

Rhizophora mangle information from NTBG
Information about Rhizophora mangle is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Rhizophora mangle
Nomenclatural information about Rhizophora mangle is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Rhizophora mangle information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Rhizophora mangle--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Rhizophora mangle information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Rhizophora mangle, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Rhizophora mangle
Nomenclatural information about Rhizophora mangle is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Rhizophora mangle as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Rhizophora mangle impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Rhizophora mangle as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Red mangrove eradication and pickleweed control in a Hawaiian wetland, waterbird responses, and lessons learned View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
taxonomic nomenclature, ITIS, Opuntia aurantaca


Risk assessments

Rhizophora mangle weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Rhizophora mangle for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Rhizophora mangle information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Rhizophora mangle from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Rhizophora mangle management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Rhizophora mangle as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Red mangrove eradication and pickleweed control in a Hawaiian wetland, waterbird responses, and lessons learned View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
taxonomic nomenclature, ITIS, Opuntia aurantaca


Images

Images of Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae) (red mangrove)
Links to high-resolution free images of Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae) (red mangrove) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Rhizophora mangle information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Rhizophora mangle in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.


Distribution

Rhizophora mangle information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Rhizophora mangle in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Rhizophora mangle information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Rhizophora mangle--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Rhizophora mangle worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Rhizophora mangle is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants
Perry, Frances and Roy Hay. 1982. A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants. Ward Lock Limited, Great Britain. 136 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-442-26859-9.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


In the news

Mangroves removed from Ka'elepulu Pond
Honolulu Advertiser (http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/)


Full-text articles

Removal of red mangrove from Kaloko Pond
Author unknown. ?. Removal of red mangrove from Kaloko Pond.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Red mangrove eradication and pickleweed control in a Hawaiian wetland, waterbird responses, and lessons learned View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
taxonomic nomenclature, ITIS, Opuntia aurantaca


Experts

Rhizophora mangle contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Rhizophora mangle as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Removal of red mangrove from Kaloko Pond
Author unknown. ?. Removal of red mangrove from Kaloko Pond.

Rhizophora mangle references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Rhizophora mangle as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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