Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Prosopis juliflora
(Fabaceae)

algaroba, ironwood, mesquite

image of Prosopis juliflora image of Prosopis juliflora image of Prosopis juliflora
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HEAR home  >  species info  >  plants  >  Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae)
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
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Long-thorned kiawe (Prosopis juliflora) can grow as a rambling shrub or tree and has thorns up to 2-1/2 inches long. This species is not the same as common kiawe (Prosopis pallida), which grows into a tree and has thorns that are either absent or less than one inch long.  Prosopis juliflora is native to Africa. 


Species description or overview

Information about Prosopis juliflora from IUCN's ISSG/GISD
ISSG

Prosopis juliflora information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Prosopis juliflora from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Prosopis juliflora information from PIER
Information on Prosopis juliflora as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Prosopis juliflora description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Prosopis juliflora as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Prosopis juliflora
Nomenclatural information about Prosopis juliflora is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Prosopis juliflora information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Prosopis juliflora--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Prosopis juliflora information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Prosopis juliflora, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Prosopis juliflora
Nomenclatural information about Prosopis juliflora is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Prosopis juliflora as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Prosopis juliflora impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Prosopis juliflora as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Prosopis juliflora weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Prosopis juliflora for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Long thorn kiawe control - 2006 report
Long thorn kiawe is being removed on Oahu and Kauai, according to this report from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Prosopis juliflora information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Prosopis juliflora from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Prosopis juliflora management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Prosopis juliflora as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae) (long thorn kiawe, big-leafed kiawe, algaroba, mesquite)
Links to high-resolution free images of Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae) (long thorn kiawe, big-leafed kiawe, algaroba, mesquite) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Prosopis juliflora information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Prosopis juliflora in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Prosopis juliflora images from PIER
Images of Prosopis juliflora provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Prosopis juliflora information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Prosopis juliflora in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Prosopis juliflora information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Prosopis juliflora--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Prosopis juliflora worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Prosopis juliflora is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Full-text articles

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens
Dawson, Wayne, Ahmed S. Mndolwa, David F. R. P. Burslem, and Philip E. Hulme. 2008. Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens. Biodiversity Conservation. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


Experts

Prosopis juliflora contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Prosopis juliflora as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Prosopis juliflora references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Prosopis juliflora as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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