Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Poa annua
(Poaceae)

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
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Species description or overview

Poa annua information from PIER
Information on Poa annua as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Poa annua description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Poa annua as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Poa annua
Nomenclatural information about Poa annua is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Poa annua information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Poa annua--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Poa annua information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Poa annua, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Poa annua
Nomenclatural information about Poa annua is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Poa annua (Poaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Poa annua as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Poa annua impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Poa annua as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Weed risk assessment for Poa annua for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Poa annua for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Poa annua management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Poa annua as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Poa annua (Poaceae) (annual bluegrass)
Links to high-resolution free images of Poa annua (Poaceae) (annual bluegrass) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Poa annua information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Poa annua in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Poa annua images from PIER
Images of Poa annua provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Poa annua information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Poa annua in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Poa annua information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Poa annua--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Poa annua worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Poa annua is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Weeds of the West
Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, and Robert Parker. Whitson, Tom D. (ed.) . 2001. Weeds of the West. 9th ed. Laramie: University of Wyoming. ISBN: 0-941570-13-4.

Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (book)
A complete list of all species covered in Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (Whitney, Hosaka, and Ripperton, 1939) is presented, along with a complete bibliographic citation. This book "describes and illustrates 103 of the most important grasses in Hawaii.... There are many grasses, either recently introduced or slow to become acclimatized, that have not yet established themselves on the ranges; these are not here included. Species that are found outside the general range areas, as in summit bogs, forest reserves, and national parks, are also omitted. Keys to the tribes and genera [are also included." ([adapted] from the book's introduction)


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

The grasses of Hawaii
Hitchcock, A.S. 1922. The grasses of Hawaii. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press : New York, Kraus Reprint Co. (1974). 235 pp. illus. (line drawings).

Botanical inventory of Kure Atoll
Starr, Forest, Kim Martz, and Lloyd Loope. 2001. Botanical inventory of Kure Atoll. Prepared for Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife (Honolulu). 47 pp. illus.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.


Experts

Poa annua contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Poa annua as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

The grasses of Hawaii
Hitchcock, A.S. 1922. The grasses of Hawaii. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press : New York, Kraus Reprint Co. (1974). 235 pp. illus. (line drawings).

Poa annua references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Poa annua as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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