Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Pistia stratiotes
(Araceae)

Nile cabbage, tropical duckweed, water cabbage, water lettuce

image of Pistia stratiotes image of Pistia stratiotes image of Pistia stratiotes
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Pistia stratiotes is native to Africa and South America. 


Species description or overview

Information about Pistia stratiotes from IUCN's ISSG/GISD
Information about Solanum mauritianum is available from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (a product of IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group [ISSG]).

Pistia stratiotes information from PIER
Information on Pistia stratiotes as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Pistia stratiotes description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Pistia stratiotes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Pistia stratiotes
Nomenclatural information about Pistia stratiotes is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Pistia stratiotes information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pistia stratiotes--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Pistia stratiotes information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Pistia stratiotes, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Pistia stratiotes
Nomenclatural information about Pistia stratiotes is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Pistia stratiotes (Araceae): species information from GCW
Information on Pistia stratiotes as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Pistia stratiotes impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Pistia stratiotes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Pistia stratiotes ("water lettuce") impact information from ISSG/GISD
Information about impacts of Pistia stratiotes ("water lettuce") as an invasive species is provided by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) in the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD).


Control methods

Pistia stratiotes management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Pistia stratiotes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Legislation/regulation

HRS 150A-6.1: Plant import
Hawaii statute for plant importation is from hawaii.gov.


Images

Pistia stratiotes images by PT
Pistia stratiotes images are presented online by Maui photographer Philip Thomas and are freely available for noncommercial use.

Images of Pistia stratiotes (Araceae) (water lettuce)
Links to high-resolution free images of Pistia stratiotes (Araceae) (water lettuce) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Pistia stratiotes information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pistia stratiotes in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pistia stratiotes images from PIER
Images of Pistia stratiotes provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Pistia stratiotes information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pistia stratiotes in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pistia stratiotes information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pistia stratiotes--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Pistia stratiotes worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Pistia stratiotes is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


In the news

Volunteers give Kailua marsh a new look
"Volunteers give Kailua marsh a new look" (Honolulu Star-Bulletin, March 23, 2003).


Full-text articles

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.


Experts

Pistia stratiotes contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Pistia stratiotes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Contact information for experts on Pistia stratiotes ("water lettuce") from ISSG/GISD
online

Pistia stratiotes references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Pistia stratiotes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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