Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Pennisetum setaceum
(Poaceae)

African fountain grass, fountain grass

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Ecology & life history Pest alerts Impacts Risk assessments
Control methods Images Distribution Cited as invasive (on a list) Where to see this species Books
In the news Full-text articles Radio shows Experts Other resources  

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Fountaingrass (Pennisetum setaceum is a medium-sized clumping grass which grows to 3 feet tall with long, purple to yellow "spikes" of flowers/seeds. It leaves long and round like wire, and do not form flat blades.  Pennisetum setaceum is native to North Africa and the Middle East. 

Species description or overview

Pennisetum setaceum information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Pennisetum setaceum from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Pennisetum setaceum information from PIER
Information on Pennisetum setaceum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Pennisetum setaceum information
Fountain grass ecology, habitat, dispersal, and management are from The Global Invasive Species Database.

Pennisetum setaceum description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Pennisetum setaceum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Pennisetum setaceum
Nomenclatural information about Pennisetum setaceum is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Pennisetum setaceum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pennisetum setaceum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Pennisetum setaceum information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Pennisetum setaceum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Pennisetum setaceum
Nomenclatural information about Pennisetum setaceum is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Ecology & life history

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.


Pest alerts

Fountaingrass (Pennisetum setaceum): MISC target species
Fountaingrass (Pennisetum setaceum) is targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Fountaingrass "Weed of the Week" pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountaingrass is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This pest alert is available on KISC's "Weed of the Week" site.

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) Weed of the Week radio program transcript View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This transcript describes the impacts of this species on Kauai.


Impacts

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in Haleakala National Park et al.)
Information on fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) excerpted from "Alien plants in Haleakala National Park" (by Lloyd L. Loope, Ronald J. Nagata, and Arthur C. Medeiros in: Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison. 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: management and research. pp. 551-576) is now available online.

Fountain grass control in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: Management considerations and strategies
The distribution of Hypoponera punctatissima is plotted on a global map with links to collection data from the Florida Atlantic University database.

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) Weed of the Week radio program transcript View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This transcript describes the impacts of this species on Kauai.

Pennisetum setaceum (Poaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Pennisetum setaceum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Pennisetum setaceum impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Pennisetum setaceum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.


Risk assessments

Pennisetum setaceum weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Pennisetum setaceum for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Pennisetum setaceum for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Pennisetum setaceum for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) as a weed in California
Fountain grass' description, biology, range, and control are provided by UC Davis.

Ecology and control of fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The ecology and control of fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in Hawaii is summarized in this 3-page report, including information about the species' taxonomy, distribution, and ecology, as well as control strategies and tactics.

Pennisetum setaceum information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Pennisetum setaceum from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Pennisetum setaceum management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Pennisetum setaceum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) fact sheet View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Summaries of herbicide trials for pasture, range, and non-cropland weed control -1999 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Herbicide trials compare herbicides and methods of application on a variety of weedy species in Hawaii (University of Hawaii).

Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This comprehensive review of herbicide application methods includes calculations for formulations, and appendices listing herbicides registered for use in Hawaii and their toxicities (University of Hawaii, 2002).


Images

Images of Pennisetum setaceum (Poaceae) (fountain grass)
Links to high-resolution free images of Pennisetum setaceum (Poaceae) (fountain grass) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Pennisetum setaceum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pennisetum setaceum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pennisetum setaceum images from PIER
Images of Pennisetum setaceum provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Pennisetum setaceum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pennisetum setaceum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pennisetum setaceum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Pennisetum setaceum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC).
Description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii of fountain grass are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Pennisetum setaceum worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Pennisetum setaceum is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Cited as invasive (on a list)

2007 FLEPPC invasive plant list View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council's 2007 List of Invasive Plant Species focus includes adverse effects exotic pest plants have on Florida's biodiversity and plant communities.


Where to see this species

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


In the news

Maui, Lanai need not share View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Invasives from Maui that could threaten Lanai are the topic of Maui Invasive Species Committee's Maui News column (6/14/2009).

Fountain grass, an example of why vigilance is needed View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass is the topic of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC) Kiai Moku Maui News column (12/10/2006).


Full-text articles

Fountain grass: Darwin-defying super-weed?
Fountain grass may constitute a "super-genotype" with dramatic inherent ability to respond immediately to new environments (Raising Islands blog, 11/27/2007).

Haleakala silversword
Loope, Lloyd L. and Arthur C. Medeiros. 1995. Haleakala silversword. in LaRoe, E.T., G.S. Farris, C.E. Puckett, P.D. Doran, and M.M. Mac, eds. 1995. Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundancy, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems. U.S. Department of the Interioir, National Biological Service, Washington, DC. pp. 363-364.

Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations
Medeiros, Arthur C., Lloyd L. Loope, and C.G. Chimera. 1993. Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations. Natural Area Reserve System, State of Hawaii.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Radio shows

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) Weed of the Week radio program transcript View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Fountain grass is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This transcript describes the impacts of this species on Kauai.


Experts

Pennisetum setaceum contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Pennisetum setaceum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in Haleakala National Park et al.)
Information on fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) excerpted from "Alien plants in Haleakala National Park" (by Lloyd L. Loope, Ronald J. Nagata, and Arthur C. Medeiros in: Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison. 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: management and research. pp. 551-576) is now available online.

Fountain grass control in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: Management considerations and strategies
The distribution of Hypoponera punctatissima is plotted on a global map with links to collection data from the Florida Atlantic University database.

Pennisetum setaceum references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Pennisetum setaceum as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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