Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Passiflora mollissima
(Passifloraceae)

banana poka

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Ecology & life history See also these taxa Impacts
Control methods Distribution Books Full-text articles Teacher resources

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(There has been some confusion in Hawaii regarding the taxonomy/identification of the plant commonly known as "banana poka," which has been variously called Passiflora mollissima, Passiflora tripartita var. tripartita, Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima, and Passiflora tarminiana. As far as we can determine, there is [2009] only a single taxon of this plant in Hawaii, and its current name is Passiflora tarminiana.) 


Species description or overview

Passiflora mollissima on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Passiflora mollissima
Nomenclatural information about Passiflora mollissima is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Passiflora mollissima information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Passiflora mollissima, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Passiflora mollissima
Nomenclatural information about Passiflora mollissima is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).

Note on the identity of the introduced passionflower vine "banana poka" in Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The aggressive alien vine known in Hawaii as " banana poka" has been identified as Passiflora mollissima (HBK.) Bailey, P. mixta L., or an introgressive hybrid between P. mollissima and some unnamed species due to its atypical morphology. Determination of the correct taxonomic status of this taxon is an important initial step in any biocontrol work. This paper reports a comparative analysis of Hawaiian material against type and other collections of this species complex.


Ecology & life history

The biology and ecology of Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii
An extensive review of the ecology of banana poka and experiments describing its establishment are in the publication available at the HEAR bibliography site (A.M. La Rosa, 1984, 171 pages).


See also these taxa

Passiflora tarminiana (Passifloraceae): species information from HEAR  important item 
Categorized information about Passiflora tarminiana (Passifloraceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Passiflora tripartita (Passifloraceae) - HEAR species info
Categorized information about Passiflora tripartita (Passifloraceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Passifloraceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Passifloraceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Passiflora tripartita var. tripartita: species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Passiflora tripartita var. tripartita (Passifloraceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).


Impacts

Passiflora mollissima (Passifloraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Passiflora mollissima as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).


Control methods

Passiflora mollissima (banana poka) biocontrol
Banana poka seedlings appear susceptible to the vascular wilt fungus Fusarium oxysporum in greenhouse trials (UH Botany Department).

A test of two herbicides for use on banana poka (Passiflora mollissima) in Hawaii
Effective herbicide treatments for killing banana poka vines and stumps are identified in the publication available at the HEAR bibliography site (University of Hawaii, 1991).


Distribution

Passiflora mollissima on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants
Perry, Frances and Roy Hay. 1982. A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants. Ward Lock Limited, Great Britain. 136 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-442-26859-9.


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

A test of two herbicides for use on banana poka (Passiflora mollissima) in Hawaii
Effective herbicide treatments for killing banana poka vines and stumps are identified in the publication available at the HEAR bibliography site (University of Hawaii, 1991).

The distribution, impact and potential management of the introduced vine Passiflora mollissima (Passifloraceae) in Hawai'i
Warshauer, Frederick R., James D. Jacobi, Anne Marie La Rosa, J. Michael Scott, and Clifford W. Smith. 1983. The distribution, impact and potential management of the introduced vine Passiflora mollissima (Passifloraceae) in Hawai'i. Technical report 48. Honolulu: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai'i at Manoa.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

The biology and ecology of Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii
An extensive review of the ecology of banana poka and experiments describing its establishment are in the publication available at the HEAR bibliography site (A.M. La Rosa, 1984, 171 pages).

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W. 2002. Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii. pp. 91-98 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Biological control of invasive plants in native Hawaiian ecosystems (synthesis and conclusions)
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight. 2002. Biological control of invasive plants in native Hawaiian ecosystems (synthesis and conclusions). pp. 117-122 in 2002. Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight. pp. 117-122 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

The Status of Banana Poka in Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
31JAN2002 is "as of" date the info is current (per the document itself)

Passiflora mollissima on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Passiflora mollissima in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Teacher resources

Banana passionflower (Passiflora mollissima) video
Banana poka image, "interesting facts", and short video are from The Wild Classroom.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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