Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Opuntia ficus-indica
(Cactaceae)

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Species description or overview

Opuntia ficus-indica information from PIER
Information on Opuntia ficus-indica as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Opuntia ficus-indica
Nomenclatural information about Opuntia ficus-indica is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Opuntia ficus-indica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Opuntia ficus-indica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Opuntia ficus-indica information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Opuntia ficus-indica, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Opuntia ficus-indica
Nomenclatural information about Opuntia ficus-indica is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Control methods

Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This comprehensive review of herbicide application methods includes calculations for formulations, and appendices listing herbicides registered for use in Hawaii and their toxicities (University of Hawaii, 2002).


Images

Images of Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae) (panini, papipi, prickly pear cactus)
Links to high-resolution free images of Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae) (panini, papipi, prickly pear cactus) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Opuntia ficus-indica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Opuntia ficus-indica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Opuntia ficus-indica images from PIER
Images of Opuntia ficus-indica provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Opuntia ficus-indica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Opuntia ficus-indica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Opuntia ficus-indica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Opuntia ficus-indica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Maui's prickly pear cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica)
Description, history, habitat, biological control, and uses of the prickly pear cactus on Maui are from the Maui Plant Chronicles blog (M. Garrison, 7/27/2009).


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Setting priorities for the biological control of weeds: what to do and how to do it
Myers, Judith H. and Jessica Ware. 2002. Setting priorities for the biological control of weeds: what to do and how to do it. pp. 62-74 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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