Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Myoporum sandwicense
(Myoporaceae)

  
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Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles Other resources

HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.


Species description or overview

Myoporum sandwicense on Wikipedia
A brief overview of naio is available on Wikipedia.

Myoporum sandwicense information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Myoporum sandwicense--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Myoporum sandwicense information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Myoporum sandwicense is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."

Myoporum sandwicense information from NTBG
Information about Myoporum sandwicense is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Myoporum sandwicense
Nomenclatural information about Myoporum sandwicense is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Myoporum sandwicense information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Myoporum sandwicense--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Myoporum sandwicense information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Myoporum sandwicense, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Myoporum sandwicense
Nomenclatural information about Myoporum sandwicense is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Pests of this species

Myoporum thrips (Klambothrips myopori) images View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Images of Myoporum thrips and the leaf galls they caused are presented by the Los Angeles County Agriculture Commission.

Naio thrips: New pest advisory View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Images of Klambothrips myopori and the galls they cause are included in the pest advisory from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Klambothrips myopori (Phlaeothripidae): species information from HEAR  important item 
Categorized information about Klambothrips myopori (Phlaeothripidae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).


Cultivation & propagation

Myoporum sandwicense (naio, false sandalwood) propagation and cultivation (UH/CTAHR)
Propagation and cultivation information about Myoporum sandwicense (naio, false sandalwood) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (UH/CTAHR).

Myoporum sandwicense information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Myoporum sandwicense--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

How to plant a native Hawaiian garden View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
An instructional handbook on planting a native Hawaiian garden was prepared by Office of Environmental Quality Control to guide the establishment of native gardens in schools throughout Hawaii to stimulate the awareness and appreciation of Hawaii's rare and fragile environmental resources (1992).

Got Erosion? ... Plant!
Native species that can combat soil loss are the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 12/19/2003).

In the Garden: Coastal plants have evolved for survival
Coastal plants well adapted to landscape use are the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 10/1/2004).

Best native plants for landscapes View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Endemic and indigenous Hawaiian plants used in landscapes are pictured in this publication from the University of Hawaii.


Images

Images of Myoporum sandwicense (Myoporaceae) (naio)
Links to high-resolution free images of Myoporum sandwicense (Myoporaceae) (naio) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Myoporum sandwicense information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Myoporum sandwicense in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Myoporum sandwicense images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Myoporum sandwicense are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Myoporum sandwicense images by PT
Images of Myoporum sandwicense by Maui photographer Philip Thomas are available online.

Myoporum sandwicese images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Myoporum sandwicese are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.

Myoporum sandwicense images by Karl Magnacca
Images of Myoporum sandwicense by Karl Magnacca are available online.


Distribution

Myoporum sandwicense information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Myoporum sandwicense in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Myoporum sandwicense information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Myoporum sandwicense--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.


Where to see this species

A nature walk to Kaena Point
Arrigoni, Edward. 1978. A nature walk to Kaena Point. Honolulu: Topgallant Publishing Co., Ltd. ISBN: 0-914916-30-0.

Auwahi - Dry forest of Maui
Images, history, and ethnobotany of Auwahi are on the HEAR website.

Kaena Point natural area reserve ecosystem restoration project
The resources of Kaena, and threats to the wildlife, are depicted on this US Fish and Wildlife site.


Books

A nature walk to Kaena Point
Arrigoni, Edward. 1978. A nature walk to Kaena Point. Honolulu: Topgallant Publishing Co., Ltd. ISBN: 0-914916-30-0.


Full-text articles

Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations
Medeiros, Arthur C., Lloyd L. Loope, and C.G. Chimera. 1993. Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations. Natural Area Reserve System, State of Hawaii.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Predictable risk to native plants in biological control of weeds in Hawaii
Pemberton, Robert W. 2002. Predictable risk to native plants in biological control of weeds in Hawaii. pp. 77-85 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.


Other resources

Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations
Medeiros, Arthur C., Lloyd L. Loope, and C.G. Chimera. 1993. Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations. Natural Area Reserve System, State of Hawaii.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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