Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Miconia calvescens
(Melastomataceae)

bush currant, miconia, purple plague, velvetleaf

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.

Miconia (Miconia calvescens) is a large tree that grows up to 50 feet tall with large oval-shaped leaves. The leaves are green on top and (in the strain in Hawaii) purple underneath, with three main midribs running from stem to leaf tip. According to Dr. Ray Fosberg of the Smithsonian Institution, is "the one plant that could really destroy the Hawaiian forest."  Miconia calvescens is native to Central America and South America. 

Species description or overview

HEAR HNIS report on Miconia calvescens View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Rod Randall - Western Australia Dept. of Agriculture

Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae): an invasive weed in Hawaii
[online]

Miconia calvescens in Hawaii: a summary
[online]

Miconia calvescens information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Miconia calvescens from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Miconia (Miconia calvescens) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Miconia's description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Miconia calvescens information from PIER
Information on Miconia calvescens as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Miconia calvescens information
Miconia calvescens ecology, habitat, dispersal, and management are from The Global Invasive Species Database.

Miconia calvescens description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Miconia calvescens as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Fact sheet on Miconia calvescens
Miconia calvescens description, impacts, and management options are presented by the Plant Conservation Alliance.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Miconia calvescens
Nomenclatural information about Miconia calvescens is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Miconia calvescens information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Miconia calvescens--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Miconia calvescens information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Miconia calvescens, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Miconia calvescens
Nomenclatural information about Miconia calvescens is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Identification

Herbarium sheet from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Line drawings and brief botanical description are from the 1997 Miconia conference proceedings held in Tahiti.


Herbarium sheets

Herbarium sheet from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Line drawings and brief botanical description are from the 1997 Miconia conference proceedings held in Tahiti.


Pest alerts

WANTED: Locations of Miconia
General information on Miconia is presented by HEAR.

Miconia (Miconia calvescens): MISC target species
Miconia (Miconia calvescens) is targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Miconia "Weed of the Week" pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This pest alert is available on KISC's "Weed of the Week" site. (6/25/2008)

Miconia (Miconia calvescens) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Miconia's description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Control methods for Miconia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Provides simple to follow steps on how to stop the Miconia invasion on the Island of Hawaii.


Impacts

Miconia (Miconia calvescens) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Miconia's description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae): species information from GCW
Information on Miconia calvescens as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Miconia calvescens impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Miconia calvescens as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Economic impacts of non-indigenous species: Miconia and the Hawaiian economy
Invasive miconia in Hawaii is used to explore concepts and tools from economic theory that may improve policy decisions (Euphytica, 2006).


Risk assessments

Miconia calvescens weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Miconia calvescens for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Control methods for Miconia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Provides simple to follow steps on how to stop the Miconia invasion on the Island of Hawaii.

Ecology, host specificity and impact of Atomacera petroa on Miconia calvescens
The potential of the sawfly Atomacera petroa (Hymenoptera: Argidae) as a biological control agent of miconia was evaluated in field and laboratory studies in its native range in Brazil (abstract, Biological Control, 2007).

Ecology and impact of Allorhogas sp. and Apion sp. on fruits of miconia in Brazil
A gall wasp, Allorhogas sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), and a beetle, Apion sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea), were evaluated in their native habitat in Brazil as potential biological control agents of miconia (abstract, Biological Control, 2007)

Miconia biocontrol - 2006 report
A fungus and a type of nematode are being tested as potential biocontrols for miconia, according to this report from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Scholarly articles RE: biological control of Miconia calvescens
Recent miconia articles are on this list generated by Google Scholar.

Introductions for biological control in Hawaii 1997-2001 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The introduction of 16 insect and five fungal species to control six weeds and four insect pests in Hawaii from 1997-2001 is discussed in a paper by the Hawaii Department of Agriculture (Proceedings Hawaiian Entomological Society, 2003).

Search for biological control of Miconia calvescens
Images of natural enemies of miconia found in Central and South America are from a 1993-1995 Hawaii Department of Agriculture search for biocontrol agents.

Miconia calvescens information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Miconia calvescens from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Search the web for "miconia calvescens" and "control method"
Search the web for "miconia calvescens" and "control method".

HEAR HNIS report on Miconia calvescens View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Rod Randall - Western Australia Dept. of Agriculture

Control of infestations originating from single Miconia calvescens plants on Oahu and Kauai, Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The containment of miconia on Oahu and Kauai is reviewed in the full paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Big Island Melastome Action Committee: Miconia calvescens control program overview View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia's history on the Big Island from introduction to control activities is reviewed in this paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Miconia calvescens management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Miconia calvescens as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Herbicidal weed control methods for pastures and natural areas of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This comprehensive review of herbicide application methods includes calculations for formulations, and appendices listing herbicides registered for use in Hawaii and their toxicities (University of Hawaii, 2002).


Biocontrol efforts

2006 Annual Report for Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) Plant Pest Control Branch View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
New insect introductions and projects involving invasive species are reviewed in Appendix IV of the 2006 HDOA annual report.

Hawaii Department of Agriculture annual report for FY2007 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture annual report for fiscal year 2007 includes information about--among other things--projects of the Plant Pest Control Branch's Biological Control Section, as well as details about new pest detection and identification.

Annual report for the Hawaii Department of Agriculture for FY2008 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The annual report for the Hawaii Department of Agriculture for fiscal year 2008 includes information on--among other things--new pest detections and identification, and projects of the branch's Biological Control and Chemical/Mechanical (CM) Sections.

Search for biological control of Miconia calvescens
Images of natural enemies of miconia found in Central and South America are from a 1993-1995 Hawaii Department of Agriculture search for biocontrol agents.

Biological control potential of Miconia calvescens using three fungal pathogens
Killgore, Eloise M. 2002. Biological control potential of Miconia calvescens using three fungal pathogens. pp. 45-52 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W. 2002. Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii. pp. 91-98 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Introductions for biological control in Hawaii 1997-2001
Culliney, Thomas W., Walter T. Nagamine, and Kenneth K. Teramoto. 2003. Introductions for biological control in Hawaii 1997-2001. Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. (2003) 36:145-153.

Miconia calvescens as a biocontrol target in Hawaii
Information and references regarding Miconia calvescens as a biocontrol target in Hawaii--including the status of each of its biocontrol agents--are provided by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Prospective biological control of Miconia calvescens in Hawaii with a non-indigenous fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A fungus from Brazil shows promise as a biocontrol for miconia (Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control, 1997).


Recovery & restoration

Operation Miconia: One year later
Mobilization of funds and manpower to combat miconia in Hawaii is documented in this 1997 report from The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii.

BIISC's Operation Miconia
Operation Miconia reports activities and target areas to combat miconia by the Big Island Invasive Species Committee (BIISC).


Images

Images of Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae) (Miconia)
Links to high-resolution free images of Miconia calvescens (Melastomataceae) (Miconia) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Miconia calvescens information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Miconia calvescens in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Miconia calvescens images by PT
Images of Miconia calvescens by Maui photographer Philip Thomas are available online.

Miconia calvescens images
Images and links for miconia are provided by the University of Hawaii Botany Department.

Miconia calvescens images from PIER
Images of Miconia calvescens provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Miconia calvescens information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Miconia calvescens in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Miconia calvescens information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Miconia calvescens--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Miconia (Miconia calvescens) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Miconia's description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Miconia calvescens worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Miconia calvescens is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Case studies

Community outreach and interagency involvement: Examples from Maui, Hawaii
The importance of interagency cooperation and public education when combatting alien species is exemplified by efforts on Maui to control feral rabbits and miconia (L. Loope, 1992).

Prevention, eradication, and containment of invasive species: Illustrations from Hawaii
Policy outcomes as a function of biological and economic factors are illustrated by existing invader to Hawaii, Miconia calvescens and the potential arrival of the brown treesnake (Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 2006).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


In the news

Miconia fighters face funding cut, 28 February 2007
Federal funding cuts will force reductions of efforts against miconia and other invasives, according to the Maui Invasive Species Committee (Maui News).

All hands can be part of defense against miconia invasion View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia is the topic of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC) Kiai Moku Maui News column (8/13/2006).

Two steps forward, one step back in the fight against miconia, 6 August 2006
Budget cuts threaten progress against miconia in Maui's forests (Maui News).

Fighting invasive species with biocontrol (Maui News, 5/29/2005)
The battle against some of the most destructive invasive species in Hawaii might be won only with the help of the biocontrol, the introduction of more species. Various experts comment on changing attitudes toward this method.

Operation Miconia: One year later
Mobilization of funds and manpower to combat miconia in Hawaii is documented in this 1997 report from The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii.


Full-text articles

Mechanisms of invasion by Miconia calvescens in French Polynesia
Miconia's invasion in the Society Archipelago and factors contributing to the species' success are documented in this doctoral thesis (Jean-Yves Meyer; 1994, in French with appended English manuscripts).

Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (26-29 August 1997)
The complete Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (26-29 August 1997) is available online in French and/or English (Actes de la Premiere Conference Regionale sur la Lutte contre Miconia [26-29 aout 1997])

Status and Management of an Invasive Plant, Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomaceae) in the Hawaiian Islands View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The full text of the article "Status and Management of an Invasive Plant, Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomaceae) in the Hawaiian Islands" is available online from the Bishop Museum website.

Scholarly articles RE: biological control of Miconia calvescens
Recent miconia articles are on this list generated by Google Scholar.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Status of management and control efforts for the invasive alien tree Miconia calvescens DC. (Melastomataceae) in Hana, East Maui
Chimera, C.G., A.C. Medeiros, L.L. Loope, and R.H. Hobdy. 2000. Status of management and control efforts for the invasive alien tree Miconia calvescens DC. (Melastomataceae) in Hana, East Maui. PCSU technical report #128 (August 2000).

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens
Dawson, Wayne, Ahmed S. Mndolwa, David F. R. P. Burslem, and Philip E. Hulme. 2008. Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens. Biodiversity Conservation. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

Ecology, host specificity and impact of Atomacera petroa Smith (Hymenoptera: Argidae) on Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomataceae)
Badenes-Perez, Francisco R. and M. Tracy Johnson. 2007. Ecology, host specificity and impact of Atomacera petroa Smith (Hymenoptera: Argidae) on Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomataceae). Biological Control. Volume 43, Issue 1, October 2007, pp. 95-101.

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
Medeiros, A.C. 2004. Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Classical biological control of Clidemia hirta (Melastomataceae) in Hawaii using multiple strategies
Conant, Patrick. 2002. Classical biological control of Clidemia hirta (Melastomataceae) in Hawaii using multiple strategies. pp. 13-20 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Biological control potential of Miconia calvescens using three fungal pathogens
Killgore, Eloise M. 2002. Biological control potential of Miconia calvescens using three fungal pathogens. pp. 45-52 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Predictable risk to native plants in biological control of weeds in Hawaii
Pemberton, Robert W. 2002. Predictable risk to native plants in biological control of weeds in Hawaii. pp. 77-85 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W. 2002. Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii. pp. 91-98 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

A resource manager's perspective on the role of biocontrol in conservation areas in Hawaii
Tunison, J.T. 2002. A resource manager's perspective on the role of biocontrol in conservation areas in Hawaii. pp. 103-107 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Biological control of invasive plants in native Hawaiian ecosystems (synthesis and conclusions)
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight. 2002. Biological control of invasive plants in native Hawaiian ecosystems (synthesis and conclusions). pp. 117-122 in 2002. Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight. pp. 117-122 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.

Introductions for biological control in Hawaii 1997-2001
Culliney, Thomas W., Walter T. Nagamine, and Kenneth K. Teramoto. 2003. Introductions for biological control in Hawaii 1997-2001. Proc. Hawaiian Entomol. Soc. (2003) 36:145-153.

Prevention, eradication, and containment of invasive species: Illustrations from Hawaii
Policy outcomes as a function of biological and economic factors are illustrated by existing invader to Hawaii, Miconia calvescens and the potential arrival of the brown treesnake (Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 2006).

The native vascular plants of the Society Islands: Current situation, threats, and conservation prospects  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of native plants of the Society Islands were reviewed at the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997, Tahiti, abstract).

Epidemiology of the invasion by Miconia calvescens and reasons for a spectacular success View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia's history and expansion in French Polynesia is reviewed in the full paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Results of Miconia calvescens removal campaign in the Leeward Islands in 1997 and future strategy (abstract) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia in the Leeward Islands is briefly reviewed in the abstract from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Control of infestations originating from single Miconia calvescens plants on Oahu and Kauai, Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The containment of miconia on Oahu and Kauai is reviewed in the full paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Interagency efforts to combat Miconia calvescens on the island of Maui, Hawaii  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Efforts against miconia on Maui are reviewed in the full paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Big Island Melastome Action Committee: Miconia calvescens control program overview View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia's history on the Big Island from introduction to control activities is reviewed in this paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Prospective biological control of Miconia calvescens in Hawaii with a non-indigenous fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A fungus from Brazil shows promise as a biocontrol for miconia (Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control, 1997).

Miconia calvescens, a potentially invasive plant in Australia's tropical and sub-tropical rainforests  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Miconia is naturalizing in Queensland after introduction as an ornamental (Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control, 1997).

Legislation and information - Miconia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Brief statement on miconia legislation in Tahiti is included in the Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Control of Miconia calvescens spread between islands in French Polynesia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Brief description of the role French Polynesia's Department of Plant Protection is included in the Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

The Rural Development Service's role in the campaign against Miconia calvescens in French Polynesia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A French article with brief English summary on Tahiti's rural development agency's role against miconia is included in Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Future prospects for Miconia calvescens control in French Polynesia : General strategy and field tactics  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A brief English summary on Tahiti's prospects combatting miconia is included in Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).

Responses to light and water availability of four invasive Melastomataceae in Hawaii
"To understand life history traits of four successful invasive Melastomataceae, two shade-intolerant herbs (Arthrostema ciliatum and Tibouchina herbacea) and two shade-tolerant woody species (Clidemia hirta, a shrub, and Miconia calvescens, a tree) were subjected to three light levels and two watering regimes in a greenhouse".

Economic impacts of non-indigenous species: Miconia and the Hawaiian economy
Invasive miconia in Hawaii is used to explore concepts and tools from economic theory that may improve policy decisions (Euphytica, 2006).


Presentations

Jumping the fence: Ways of dealing with invasive plants in landscaping View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Strategies for avoiding invasives in landscaping, including voluntary codes of conduct among landscapers, and developing seedless varieties and tetraploids, are in this presentation from University of Hawaii.


Workshop/conference proceedings

Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (26-29 August 1997)
The complete Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (26-29 August 1997) is available online in French and/or English (Actes de la Premiere Conference Regionale sur la Lutte contre Miconia [26-29 aout 1997])

1997 Miconia calvescens Tahiti conference proceedings
Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control held in Tahiti are presented in English and French (26-29 August 1997, HEAR).


Experts

Miconia calvescens contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Miconia calvescens as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

BIISC's Operation Miconia
Operation Miconia reports activities and target areas to combat miconia by the Big Island Invasive Species Committee (BIISC).

Search the web for "miconia calvescens" and "control method"
Search the web for "miconia calvescens" and "control method".

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
After rain forest of Haleakala National Park was fenced in the late 1980s, native vegetation responded vigorously yet three problematic plant invaders (Clidemia hirta, Hedychium gardnerianum, and Psidium cattleianum) continued to spread unabated and became of great concern to Park managers. This contribution provides a quantitative assessment of crucial life history junctures (quantitative phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal, seed predation, seedling establishment) to assist Haleakala NP and other managers of Hawaiian rain forests. It also provides detailed information for potentially identifying key characteristics in prevention, rapid response, and prioritization of incoming invasive species. (This document is the 2004 Ph.D. dissertation of Dr. Arthur C. Medeiros for the Department of Zoology at the University of Hawaii.)

Miconia calvescens in Hawaii: a summary
[online]

Miconia calvescens references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Miconia calvescens as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Responses to light and water availability of four invasive Melastomataceae in Hawaii
"To understand life history traits of four successful invasive Melastomataceae, two shade-intolerant herbs (Arthrostema ciliatum and Tibouchina herbacea) and two shade-tolerant woody species (Clidemia hirta, a shrub, and Miconia calvescens, a tree) were subjected to three light levels and two watering regimes in a greenhouse".


Conservation partnerships

Interagency efforts to combat Miconia calvescens on the island of Maui, Hawaii  View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Efforts against miconia on Maui are reviewed in the full paper from Proceedings of the First Regional Conference on Miconia Control (1997).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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