Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Hypothenemus hampei
(Curculionidae)

  
image of Hypothenemus hampei
MORE IMAGES
HEAR home  >  species info  >  invertebrates  >  Hypothenemus hampei (Curculionidae)
(hints)

Featured items Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Identification Pest alerts
Impacts Control methods Pests of this species Images Distribution
In the news Full-text articles Other resources    

HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.

The coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei)is a small beetle native to Africa. It is recognised as the most harmful pest to coffee crops worldwide.  One of the most devastating coffee pests, the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei), has been found in several coffee farms in Kona. The coffee berry borer is a small beetle and is native to Central Africa and is also found in many coffeegrowing regions of the world, including Central and South America. The beetle bores into the coffee "cherry" to lay its eggs. The larvae feed on the coffee bean, reducing the yield and quality of the bean. Because the larvae are inside the bean, it makes it difficult to control by pesticides. Worldwide, the presence of the insect affects the economy of over 20 million families that depend on the coffee harvest. It has caused marked reduction in the prices of coffee reducing the sale price to growers. The beetle can destroy the entire harvest of an area, and is responsible for more than $500 million in damage to coffee plants every year around the globe.  The coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) was found on several farms in Kona on the Big Island (Hawaii) in early September 2010. At the time of its discovery, it was not known how the beetle landed on the Big Island,since Hawaii has strict importation rules that require all imported green coffee beans to be fumigated against pathogens and insects; coffee plants and plant parts are also restricted from being imported into the state under plant quarantine rules.   Officials at the Hawaii State Department of Agriculture say the beetle was discovered University of Hawaii graduate student who was in theprocess of conducting research. Upon its discovery in September 2010, Neil Reimer (Hawaii State Department of Agriculture) said, "It's pretty obvious to us that it's not a brand new infestation just because the extent."  Hypothenemus hampei is native to Angola. 

Featured items

HDOA new pest advisory: coffee bean borer View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) has issued a "new pest advisory" bulletin regarding the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) in Hawaii.

HDOA coffee berry borer information
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) presents information about the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei), discovered infesting coffee plantations in Kona (Big Island), Hawaii in 2010.


Species description or overview

Coffee borer beetle information from Wikipedia
Taxonomy, description, life cycle, distribution, and references for the coffee berry borer are provided by Wikipedia.

The coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): a short review, with recent findings and future research directions View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, the possible use of fungal endophytes for biocontrol, and factors that may attract the borer to the coffee plant, are reviewed (Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 2009).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Hypothenemus hampei information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Hypothenemus hampei, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

Coffee berry borer images
Images of coffee berry borer are from Forestry Images.


Identification

Coffee berry borer images View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Images of the coffee berry borer, eggs, larvae, and damage to the berry help to identify the pest (Hawaii Department of Agriculture).


Pest alerts

HDOA new pest advisory: coffee bean borer View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) has issued a "new pest advisory" bulletin regarding the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) in Hawaii.

Serious coffee pest detected in Kona
One of the most devastating coffee pests, the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei), has been found in several coffee farms in Kona, according to this Sept. 8, 2010 alert from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Coffee berry borer pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Images and preventive measures regarding the coffee berry borer are in the pest alert from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Hypothenemus hampei overview from the Carribean Pest Information Network View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Taxonomy, biology, control, and images of the coffee berry borer beetle are from the Carribean Pest Information Network.


Impacts

Coffee borer beetle information from Wikipedia
Taxonomy, description, life cycle, distribution, and references for the coffee berry borer are provided by Wikipedia.

The coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): a short review, with recent findings and future research directions View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, the possible use of fungal endophytes for biocontrol, and factors that may attract the borer to the coffee plant, are reviewed (Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 2009).


Control methods

Serious coffee pest detected in Kona
One of the most devastating coffee pests, the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei), has been found in several coffee farms in Kona, according to this Sept. 8, 2010 alert from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.


Pests of this species

Natural enemies and competitors of Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Colombia View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A survey in the Colombian coffee region revealed 25 natural enemies of the coffee berry borer (Neotropical Entomology, 2002).


Images

Coffee berry borer images
Images of coffee berry borer are from Forestry Images.

Coffee berry borer image
Scanning electron micrograph of coffee berry borer is from Forestry Images.


Distribution

Coffee berry borer survey status report
Systematic surveys of coffee farms across Hawaii to determine the extent of the Coffee Berry Borer (CBB) infestation are conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Hawaii Department of Agriculture.

Coffee borer beetle information from Wikipedia
Taxonomy, description, life cycle, distribution, and references for the coffee berry borer are provided by Wikipedia.


In the news

The coffee berry borer: a new pest in Hawaii
Self-imposed quarantine is recommended for Kauai farmers to reduce chances of coffee berry borer infestation. General information about the pest is provided in the article from The Garden Isle (10/12/2010).

Big Island coffee beans could be quarantined to fight pest
A quarantine of Hawaii coffee beans may be necessary to prevent the spread of the coffee berry borer, according to Department of Agriculture Plant Industry Division (Star-Advertiser, 9/14/2010).

War on coffee pest begins this week
The coffee berry borer crisis affecting Kona coffee growers has University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and the state Department of Agriculture meeting with farmers (Hawaii News Now, 9/13/2010).

Tiny pest threatens Hawaii's coffee crop
Coffee farmers in Hawaii react to the discovery of the coffee berry borer that threatens their industry (KHON 2 news, video and article, 9/9/2010).

Coffee pest found on Kona farms
Hawaii state agriculture officials say the coffee berry borer, a devastating coffee pest, has been found in several farms in Kona (with image, Newswatch, Star-Advertiser, 9/9/2010).

Serious coffee pest detected in Kona View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The discovery of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) in Kona is announced in a press release from the Hawaii Deparment of Agriculture (9/8/2010).


Full-text articles

The coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): a short review, with recent findings and future research directions View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Natural enemies of the coffee berry borer, the possible use of fungal endophytes for biocontrol, and factors that may attract the borer to the coffee plant, are reviewed (Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews, 2009).

A review of the biology and control of the coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) abstract
Abstract for coffee berry borer review article is from Bulletin of Entomological Research (2000). Subscription/purchase required for full article.


Other resources

HDOA coffee berry borer information
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA) presents information about the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei), discovered infesting coffee plantations in Kona (Big Island), Hawaii in 2010.

Frequently Asked Questions regarding CBB
Questions about the Coffee Berry Borer (CBB) are answered by Hawaii State Department of Agriculture.

Coffee grower sample submission form View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Coffee growers can submit berries suspected to be infested with Coffee Berry Borer (CBB), or suspect beetles to the Hawaii Department of Agriculture using this form.


PDF icon Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this). download Acrobat reader


The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

species lists  ]    [  invertebrates  ]    [  HEAR home  ]

Comments?  Questions?  Send e-mail to: webmaster@hear.org

The content of this page is based on information last generated on 05 November 2012 by PT. The template for this page was created on 15 March 2004 by EMS, and was last updated on 02 July 2012 by PT. Valid HTML 4.01!