Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Euphorbia esula
(Euphorbiaceae)

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Control methods Distribution
Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources  

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Species description or overview

Euphorbia esula description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Euphorbia esula as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) fact sheet
Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Leafy spurge, Euphorbia esula overview
Identification, habitat, ecology, impacts, and management of Euphorbia esula are provided in this guide (link to pdf).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Euphorbia esula
Nomenclatural information about Euphorbia esula is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Euphorbia esula information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Euphorbia esula, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Euphorbia esula
Nomenclatural information about Euphorbia esula is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Euphorbia esula (Euphorbiaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Euphorbia esula as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Euphorbia esula impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Euphorbia esula as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Control methods

Euphorbia esula management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Euphorbia esula as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Distribution

Euphorbia esula worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Euphorbia esula is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Weeds of the West
Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, and Robert Parker. Whitson, Tom D. (ed.) . 2001. Weeds of the West. 9th ed. Laramie: University of Wyoming. ISBN: 0-941570-13-4.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.


Experts

Euphorbia esula contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Euphorbia esula as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Euphorbia esula references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Euphorbia esula as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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