Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Dracaena sp.

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Taxonomy & nomenclature Full-text articles Other resources

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Taxonomy & nomenclature

Dracaena sp. information from USDA/ARS/GRIN
USDA/ARS/GRIN provides taxonomic (and other) information about Dracaena sp..

Dracaena sp. information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Dracaena sp., as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

Dracaena sp. information from IPNI
The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) provides nomenclatural information--including bibliographical details--about Dracaena sp.. (NOTE: IPNI does not have information on what are currently accepted names and what are taxonomic (i.e., heterotypic) synonyms; ind this information in floras, monographs, checklists, revisions, etc.)

Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Other resources

Distribution of Parmarion cf. martensi (Pulmonata: Helicarionidae), a new semi-slug pest on Hawaii Island, and its potential as a vector for human angiostrongyliasis View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The semi-slug Parmarion cf. martensi Simroth, 1893, was first discovered on Oahu, Hawaii, in 1996 and then on the island of Hawaii in 2004. This species, which is probably native to Southeast Asia, is abundant in eastern Hawaii Island, reportedly displacing the Cuban slug, Veronicella cubensis (Pfeiffer, 1840), in some areas. A survey in July-August 2005 found P. cf. martensi primarily in the lower Puna area of Hawaii Island, with an isolated population in Kailua-Kona (western Hawaii Island). It is now established in commercial papaya plantations, and survey participants reported it as a pest of lettuce and papaya in home gardens. Survey respondents considered P. cf. martensi a pest also because of its tendency to climb on structures where it deposits its feces and because of its potential to transmit disease. Individuals of this species were found to carry large numbers of infective third-stage larvae of the nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935), the causative agent of human angiostrongyliasis and the most common cause of human eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. Using a newly developed polymerase chain reaction test, 77.5% of P. cf. martensi collected at survey sites were found infected with A. cantonensis, compared with 24.3% of V. cubensis sampled from the same areas. The transmission potential of this species may be higher than that for other slugs and snails in Hawaii because of the high prevalence of infection, worm burdens, and its greater association with human habitations, increasing the possibility of human-mollusk interactions.

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