Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Cortaderia selloana
(Poaceae)

Uruguayan pampas grass, pampas grass, silver pampas grass

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.

Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) is a large, clumping grass that may grow to a height of 6 feet or taller. Its leaves are narrow and have sharp, serrated edges. Its showy white to purple flower plumes are sometimes used in floral arrangements. 

Featured items

Kiai Moku: Pampas grass is an invasive, prolific plant
Showy pampas grass species, Cortaderia selloana and Cortaderia jubata, used in landscaping in Hawaii, pose a threat to the environment (Maui News, 9/12/2010).

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).


Species description or overview

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata): HEAR HNIS report View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
HEAR (www.hear.org/gcw)

Cortaderia selloana information from PIER
Information on Cortaderia selloana as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Cortaderia jubata information
Cortaderia jubata ecology, habitat, dispersal, and management are from The Global Invasive Species Database.

Cortaderia selloana description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Cortaderia selloana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Ecology of Cortaderia selloana from Global Invasive Species Database
The description, impact, range, habit, management, and life cycle of pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) are provided by Global Invasive Species Database.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Cortaderia selloana
Nomenclatural information about Cortaderia selloana is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Cortaderia selloana information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Cortaderia selloana, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Cortaderia selloana
Nomenclatural information about Cortaderia selloana is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


See also these taxa

Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).


Pest alerts

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).


Impacts

Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Cortaderia selloana as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Cortaderia selloana impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Cortaderia selloana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Cortaderia selloana weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Cortaderia selloana for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Control info RE: Cortaderia spp.
Platycerium bifurcatum information is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR). Categorized links to a variety of resources are provided.

Cortaderia selloana management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Cortaderia selloana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae) (pampas grass)
Links to high-resolution free images of Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae) (pampas grass) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Cortaderia selloana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia selloana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Cortaderia selloana images from PIER
Images of Cortaderia selloana provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Cortaderia selloana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia selloana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata, Cortaderia selloana) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Pampas grass description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Cortaderia selloana worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Cortaderia selloana is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (book)
A complete list of all species covered in Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (Whitney, Hosaka, and Ripperton, 1939) is presented, along with a complete bibliographic citation. This book "describes and illustrates 103 of the most important grasses in Hawaii.... There are many grasses, either recently introduced or slow to become acclimatized, that have not yet established themselves on the ranges; these are not here included. Species that are found outside the general range areas, as in summit bogs, forest reserves, and national parks, are also omitted. Keys to the tribes and genera [are also included." ([adapted] from the book's introduction)


In the news

Kiai Moku: Pampas grass is an invasive, prolific plant
Showy pampas grass species, Cortaderia selloana and Cortaderia jubata, used in landscaping in Hawaii, pose a threat to the environment (Maui News, 9/12/2010).

Crews work hard to counter invasion of the prolific pampas grass View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Pampas grass is the topic of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC) Kiai Moku Maui News column (10/8/2006).


Full-text articles

"New" information on pampas grass
Updated information on the status of pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata, Cortaderia selloana) on Maui (Hawaii) is provided by Dr. Lloyd Loope (USGS/PIERC) (article dated 05 August 2006).

Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui: newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (Fall 2006) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Fall 2006 issue of Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui--the newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC)--contains articles about pampas grass; the National Park Service; the Hawaii state noxious weed list; Mike Ade, MISC's senior field supervisor; Bob Flint and coqui frogs in the Kokomo area; MISC on Lanai; Brahminy blind snakes; the MISC early detection program; and the Maui I Ka Aina award.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Presentations

Jumping the fence: Ways of dealing with invasive plants in landscaping View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Strategies for avoiding invasives in landscaping, including voluntary codes of conduct among landscapers, and developing seedless varieties and tetraploids, are in this presentation from University of Hawaii.


Experts

Cortaderia selloana contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Cortaderia selloana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Cortaderia selloana references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Cortaderia selloana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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