Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Cortaderia jubata
(Poaceae)

Andean pampas grass, jubata grass, pink pampas grass, purple pampas grass

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata) is a large, clumping grass that may grow to a height of 6 feet or taller. Its leaves are narrow and have sharp, serrated edges. Its showy white to purple flower plumes are sometimes used in floral arrangements. 

Featured items

Kiai Moku: Pampas grass is an invasive, prolific plant
Showy pampas grass species, Cortaderia selloana and Cortaderia jubata, used in landscaping in Hawaii, pose a threat to the environment (Maui News, 9/12/2010).

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui: newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (Fall 2006) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Fall 2006 issue of Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui--the newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC)--contains articles about pampas grass; the National Park Service; the Hawaii state noxious weed list; Mike Ade, MISC's senior field supervisor; Bob Flint and coqui frogs in the Kokomo area; MISC on Lanai; Brahminy blind snakes; the MISC early detection program; and the Maui I Ka Aina award.


Species description or overview

Cortaderia jubata information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Cortaderia jubata from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata): HEAR HNIS report View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
HEAR (www.hear.org/gcw)

Cortaderia jubata information from PIER
Information on Cortaderia jubata as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Cortaderia jubata information
Cortaderia jubata ecology, habitat, dispersal, and management are from The Global Invasive Species Database.

Cortaderia jubata description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Cortaderia jubata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Ecology of Cortaderia jubata from Global Invasive Species Database
The description, impact, range, habit, management, and life cycle of Cortaderia jubata are provided by Global Invasive Species Database.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Cortaderia jubata
Nomenclatural information about Cortaderia jubata is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Cortaderia jubata information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia jubata--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Cortaderia jubata information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Cortaderia jubata, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Cortaderia jubata
Nomenclatural information about Cortaderia jubata is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


See also these taxa

Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Cortaderia selloana (Poaceae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).


Pest alerts

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).


Impacts

Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Cortaderia jubata as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Cortaderia jubata impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Cortaderia jubata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Cortaderia jubata weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Cortaderia jubata for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Control info RE: Cortaderia spp.
Platycerium bifurcatum information is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR). Categorized links to a variety of resources are provided.

Cortaderia jubata information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Cortaderia jubata from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Cortaderia jubata management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Cortaderia jubata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae) (pampas grass)
Links to high-resolution free images of Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae) (pampas grass) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Cortaderia jubata information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia jubata in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Cortaderia jubata images from PIER
Images of Cortaderia jubata provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Cortaderia jubata information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia jubata in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Cortaderia jubata information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cortaderia jubata--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata, Cortaderia selloana) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC)
Pampas grass description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Distribution of Cortaderia jubata on Maui in 1997. View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Verified distribution of Cortaderia jubata is shown on a contour map of Maui (HEAR, 1997).

Pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata): MISC target species
Pampas grass species (Cortaderia jubata and Cortaderia jubata) are targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Cortaderia jubata worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Cortaderia jubata is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


In the news

Kiai Moku: Pampas grass is an invasive, prolific plant
Showy pampas grass species, Cortaderia selloana and Cortaderia jubata, used in landscaping in Hawaii, pose a threat to the environment (Maui News, 9/12/2010).

Crews work hard to counter invasion of the prolific pampas grass View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Pampas grass is the topic of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC) Kiai Moku Maui News column (10/8/2006).


Full-text articles

"New" information on pampas grass
Updated information on the status of pampas grass (Cortaderia jubata, Cortaderia selloana) on Maui (Hawaii) is provided by Dr. Lloyd Loope (USGS/PIERC) (article dated 05 August 2006).

Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui: newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (Fall 2006) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Fall 2006 issue of Kiai Na Ku Moku O Maui Nui--the newsletter of the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC)--contains articles about pampas grass; the National Park Service; the Hawaii state noxious weed list; Mike Ade, MISC's senior field supervisor; Bob Flint and coqui frogs in the Kokomo area; MISC on Lanai; Brahminy blind snakes; the MISC early detection program; and the Maui I Ka Aina award.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
Medeiros, A.C. 2004. Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.


Presentations

Jumping the fence: Ways of dealing with invasive plants in landscaping View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Strategies for avoiding invasives in landscaping, including voluntary codes of conduct among landscapers, and developing seedless varieties and tetraploids, are in this presentation from University of Hawaii.


Experts

Cortaderia jubata contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Cortaderia jubata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
After rain forest of Haleakala National Park was fenced in the late 1980s, native vegetation responded vigorously yet three problematic plant invaders (Clidemia hirta, Hedychium gardnerianum, and Psidium cattleianum) continued to spread unabated and became of great concern to Park managers. This contribution provides a quantitative assessment of crucial life history junctures (quantitative phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal, seed predation, seedling establishment) to assist Haleakala NP and other managers of Hawaiian rain forests. It also provides detailed information for potentially identifying key characteristics in prevention, rapid response, and prioritization of incoming invasive species. (This document is the 2004 Ph.D. dissertation of Dr. Arthur C. Medeiros for the Department of Zoology at the University of Hawaii.)

Cortaderia jubata references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Cortaderia jubata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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