Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Colubrina asiatica
(Rhamnaceae)

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Cultivation & propagation
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Colubrina asiatica is native to Hawaii.  Colubrina asiatica is native to "coastal and lowland habitats from eastern Africa, Indian Ocean islands, southeastern Asia, Malesia to Australia, and Pacific islands..." (widely distributed); "in Hawaii occurring in strand and coastal sites...."  


Species description or overview

Colubrina asiatica information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Colubrina asiatica--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Colubrina asiatica description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Colubrina asiatica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Asiatic colubrina (Colubrina asiatica) fact sheet
Asiatic colubrina (Colubrina asiatica) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Colubrina asiatica
Nomenclatural information about Colubrina asiatica is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Colubrina asiatica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Colubrina asiatica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Colubrina asiatica information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Colubrina asiatica, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Colubrina asiatica
Nomenclatural information about Colubrina asiatica is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Colubrina asiatica (Rhamnaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Colubrina asiatica as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Colubrina asiatica impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Colubrina asiatica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Weed risk assessment for Colubrina asiatica for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Colubrina asiatica for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Colubrina asiatica management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Colubrina asiatica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Cultivation & propagation

Colubrina asiatica information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Colubrina asiatica--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.


Images

Images of Colubrina asiatica (Rhamnaceae) (anapanapa)
Links to high-resolution free images of Colubrina asiatica (Rhamnaceae) (anapanapa) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Colubrina asiatica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Colubrina asiatica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Colubrina asiatica images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Colubrina asiatica are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Colubrina asiatica images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Colubrina asiatica are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.


Distribution

Colubrina asiatica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Colubrina asiatica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Colubrina asiatica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Colubrina asiatica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Colubrina asiatica worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Colubrina asiatica is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


Experts

Colubrina asiatica contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Colubrina asiatica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Colubrina asiatica references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Colubrina asiatica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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