Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Citharexylum spinosum
(Verbenaceae)

fiddlewood

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Pest alerts Impacts Risk assessments
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Species description or overview

Citharexylum spinosum information from PIER
Information on Citharexylum spinosum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Citharexylum spinosum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum spinosum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Citharexylum spinosum
Nomenclatural information about Citharexylum spinosum is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Citharexylum spinosum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum spinosum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Citharexylum spinosum information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Citharexylum spinosum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Citharexylum spinosum
Nomenclatural information about Citharexylum spinosum is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Pest alerts

Citharexylum spinosum pest alert flyer View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Clear image of fiddlewood fruit helps to identify this tree.


Impacts

Citharexylum spinosum (Verbenaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Citharexylum spinosum as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).


Risk assessments

Citharexylum spinosum weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Citharexylum spinosum for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Images

Citharexylum caudatum pest alert flyer View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
What is fiddlewood and why is it bad? This flyer alerts Maui residents to the invasiveness of fiddlewood.

Images of Citharexylum spinosum (Verbenaceae) (fiddlewood)
Links to high-resolution free images of Citharexylum spinosum (Verbenaceae) (fiddlewood) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Citharexylum spinosum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum spinosum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Citharexylum spinosum images from PIER
Images of Citharexylum spinosum provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Citharexylum spinosum information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum spinosum in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Citharexylum spinosum information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Citharexylum spinosum--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Citharexylum spinosum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum spinosum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

New plant records for the Hawaiian Archipelago (2001) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
New island records, new state records, and range extensions of plants located on Midway Atoll, Pearl and Hermes Reef, Oahu, Maui, and Hawaii, State of Hawaii are in this report.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Feeding damage of the introduced leafhopper Sophonia rufofascia (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) to plants in forests and watersheds of the Hawaiian Islands
Jones, Vincent P., Puananai Anderson-Wong, Peter A. Follet, Pingjun Yang, Daphne M. Wescot, John S. Hu, and Diane M. Ullman. 2000. Feeding damage of the introduced leafhopper Sophonia rufofascia (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) to plants in forests and watersheds of the Hawaiian Islands. Environmental Entomology 29(2) (April 2000). pp. 171-180.

New plant records from the Hawaiian archipelago
Starr, Forest, Kim Martz, and Lloyd L. Loope. 2002. New plant records from the Hawaiian archipelago. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Eldredge, Lucius G., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2000. Part 2: Notes. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 69:16-27.

Citharexylum spinosum on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Citharexylum spinosum in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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