Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Cirsium vulgare
(Asteraceae)

Scotch thistle, black thistle, bull thistle, plume thistle, spear thistle

image of Cirsium vulgare image of Cirsium vulgare image of Cirsium vulgare
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HEAR home  >  species info  >  plants  >  Cirsium vulgare (Asteraceae)
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources

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Species description or overview

Cirsium vulgare information from PIER
Information on Cirsium vulgare as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Cirsium vulgare description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Cirsium vulgare as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Cirsium vulgare
Nomenclatural information about Cirsium vulgare is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Cirsium vulgare information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cirsium vulgare--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Cirsium vulgare information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Cirsium vulgare, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Cirsium vulgare
Nomenclatural information about Cirsium vulgare is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Cirsium vulgare (Asteraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Cirsium vulgare as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Cirsium vulgare impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Cirsium vulgare as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Cirsium vulgare weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Cirsium vulgare for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Cirsium vulgare management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Cirsium vulgare as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Cirsium vulgare (Asteraceae) (bull thistle, pua kala)
Links to high-resolution free images of Cirsium vulgare (Asteraceae) (bull thistle, pua kala) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Cirsium vulgare information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cirsium vulgare in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Cirsium vulgare images from PIER
Images of Cirsium vulgare provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Cirsium vulgare information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cirsium vulgare in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Cirsium vulgare information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Cirsium vulgare--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Cirsium vulgare worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Cirsium vulgare is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Where to see this species

Auwahi - Dry forest of Maui
Images, history, and ethnobotany of Auwahi are on the HEAR website.

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Weeds of the West
Whitson, Tom D., Larry C. Burrill, Steven A. Dewey, David W. Cudney, B.E. Nelson, Richard D. Lee, and Robert Parker. Whitson, Tom D. (ed.) . 2001. Weeds of the West. 9th ed. Laramie: University of Wyoming. ISBN: 0-941570-13-4.

Hawaii's butterflies & moths: an identification guide to easily observed species
Jamieson, Dean and Jim Denny. 2001. Hawaii's butterflies & moths: an identification guide to easily observed species. A Hawaii Biological Survey Handbook. Mutual Publishing.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Experts

Cirsium vulgare contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Cirsium vulgare as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Cirsium vulgare references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Cirsium vulgare as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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