Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Chamaeleo jacksonii
(Reptiles-Lizards)

Jackson's chameleon

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.


Species description or overview

PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE BEHAVIOR AND ECOLOGY OF JACKSON'S CHAMELEONS OF MAUI, HAWAII
This study was undertaken on behalf of [what is now] the USGS/BRD/PIERC Haleakala Field Station (island of Maui, Hawaii) to better understand the Jackson's chameleons (Chamaeleo jacksonii) that inhabit suburban habitats around Makawao, Hawaii.

Chameleon -- Wikipedia article
Chameleon species Chameleo calyptratus and Chameleo jacksonii are included in the this Wikipedia article on chameleon distribution, description, behavior, reproduction, and diet. are provided by Wikipedia. Species include Chameleo calyptratus and Chameleo jacksonii.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Chamaeleo jacksonii information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Chamaeleo jacksonii, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.


Ecology & life history

Diet and conservation implications of an invasive chameleon, Chamaeleo jacksonii (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae) in Hawaii
"[The authors] summarize information on current distribution of the invasive lizard Chamaeleo jacksonii and predict its potential distribution in the Hawaiian Islands. Potential distribution maps are based on climate models developed from known localities in its native range and its Hawaiian range. We also present results of analysis of stomach contents of a sample of 34 chameleons collected from native, predominantly dryland, forest on Maui. These data are the first summarizing prey range of this non-native species in an invaded native-forest setting. Potential distribution models predict that the species can occur throughout most of Hawaii from sea level to >2,100 m elevation. Important features of this data set are that approximately one-third of the diet of these lizards is native insects, and the lizards are consuming large numbers of arthropods each day. Prey sizes span virtually the entire gamut of native Hawaiian arthropod diversity, thereby placing a large number of native species at risk of predation. Our dietary results contrast with expectations for most iguanian lizards and support suggestions that chameleons comprise a third distinct foraging-mode category among saurians. The combination of expanding distribution, large potential range size, broad diet, high predation rates, and high densities of these chameleons imply that they may well become a serious threat to some of the Hawaiian fauna."


Impacts

A reptilian smoking gun: First record of invasive Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) predation on native Hawaiian species
Predation of Jackson's chameleon on Hawaiian snails and insects is reported (Biodiversity and Conservation, 2010).


Legislation/regulation

Hawaii Administrative Rules regarding wildlife View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Hawaii rules to conserve, manage, protect, and enhance indigenous wildlife, and to manage introduced wild birds, are presented were developed in conjunction with the lists of indigenous, endangered and threatened wildlife (Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources).

Indigenous wildlife of Hawaii list View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The list of indigenous wildlife in Hawaii was developed in conjunction with the DLNR administrative rules RE: indigenous, endangered, threatened and injurious wildlife, and introduced wild birds (Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, 1997).


Images

Chamaeleo jacksonii images
Chamaeleo jacksonii images are presented by Wikipedia Commons.

Chamaeleo jacksonii images by PT
Images of the Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) by Maui photographer Philip Thomas are available online.

Chameleon -- Wikipedia article
Chameleon species Chameleo calyptratus and Chameleo jacksonii are included in the this Wikipedia article on chameleon distribution, description, behavior, reproduction, and diet. are provided by Wikipedia. Species include Chameleo calyptratus and Chameleo jacksonii.

Chamaeleo jacksonii images from HEAR
High-quality images of Chamaeleo jacksonii are provided by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Chamaeleo jacksoni - Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleonidae - Squamata)
Images, web sites, news articles, blog entries, videos, and books are compiled by google on this Reptiles and Amphibians of Hawaii site.


Full-text articles

A reptilian smoking gun: First record of invasive Jackson's chameleon (Chamaeleo jacksonii) predation on native Hawaiian species
Predation of Jackson's chameleon on Hawaiian snails and insects is reported (Biodiversity and Conservation, 2010).

Herpetological inventory in West Hawaii National Parks: Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Bazzano, Jason. 2007. Herpetological inventory in West Hawaii National Parks: Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site. Technical Report 141. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Honolulu. 30 pp. illus.


Other resources

Three Mountain Alliance Management Plan, December 31, 2007 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Three Mountain Alliance provides watershed protection and management to over one million acres across Mauna Loa, Kilauea, and Hualalai on Hawaii Island. This plan identifies management goals (pdf).


PDF icon Some documents posted on the HEAR website are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format. If your computer is not already set up to read these files, you can download the FREE Adobe Acrobat reader. You can set up most web browsers to automatically invoke this reader (as a "helper application" or "add-in") upon encountering documents of this type (refer to your browser's documentation for how to do this). download Acrobat reader


The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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