Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Capparis sandwichiana
(Capparaceae)

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Cultivation & propagation Images
Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles

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Species description or overview

Capparis sandwichiana information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Capparis sandwichiana--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Capparis sandwichiana information from NTBG
Information about Capparis sandwichiana is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Capparis sandwichiana
Nomenclatural information about Capparis sandwichiana is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Capparis sandwichiana information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Capparis sandwichiana--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Capparis sandwichiana information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Capparis sandwichiana, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Capparis sandwichiana
Nomenclatural information about Capparis sandwichiana is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Cultivation & propagation

Capparis sandwichiana (maiapilo) propagation and cultivation (UH/CTAHR)
Maiapilo propagation using depulped seeds and hormone-treated cuttings is reviewed in the Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database from the University of Hawaii College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

Capparis sandwichiana information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Capparis sandwichiana--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

In the Garden: Maiapilo
Maiapilo (Caparis sandwichiana), a rare endemic plant pollinated by native moths, is the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 8/22/2003).

In the Garden: Night bloomer reflects moonlight
Maiapilo (Caparis sandwichiana), an excellent plant for a xeriscape garden, is the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 7/8/2005).

In the Garden: Maiapilo's rare beauty is worth saving
Maiapilo, an excellent xeriscape garden plant, is the topic of this Rick Barboza column (Honolulu Star-Bulletin Features, 8/3/2007).

Native plant propagation - Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Propagation methods of various native plants for Midway restoration are described (1999).


Images

Images of Capparis sandwichiana (Capparaceae) (maiapilo, pua pilo, pilo, Hawaiian caper bush)
Links to high-resolution free images of Capparis sandwichiana (Capparaceae) (maiapilo, pua pilo, pilo, Hawaiian caper bush) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Capparis sandwichiana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Capparis sandwichiana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Capparis sandwichiana images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Capparis sandwichiana are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Capparis sandwichiana images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Capparis sandwichiana are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.

Capparis sandwichiana images by Karl Magnacca
Images of Capparis sandwichiana by Karl Magnacca are available online.


Distribution

Capparis sandwichiana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Capparis sandwichiana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Capparis sandwichiana information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Capparis sandwichiana--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.


Where to see this species

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Native Plant Propagation: Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge
Martz, K. and F. Starr. 1999. Native Plant Propagation: Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. Report prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Pictorial Guide: Common Plants of Oahu's Offshore Islets. Prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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