Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Canna indica
(Cannaceae)

African arrowroot, Indian shot, arrowroot, canna, edible canna, purple arrowroot, red canna, wild canna

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
Distribution Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources  

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Species description or overview

Information about Canna indica from IUCN's ISSG/GISD
Information about Schismus barbatus is available from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) (a product of IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group [ISSG]).

Canna indica information from PIER
Information on Canna indica as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Canna indica description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Canna indica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Canna indica
Nomenclatural information about Canna indica is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Canna indica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Canna indica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Canna indica information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Canna indica, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Canna indica
Nomenclatural information about Canna indica is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Canna indica (Cannaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Canna indica as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Canna indica impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Canna indica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Canna indica weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Canna indica for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Canna indica management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Canna indica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Canna indica (Cannaceae) (Indian shot, canna)
Links to high-resolution free images of Canna indica (Cannaceae) (Indian shot, canna) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Canna indica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Canna indica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Canna indica images from PIER
Images of Canna indica provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Canna indica information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Canna indica in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Canna indica information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Canna indica--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Canna indica worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Canna indica is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants
Perry, Frances and Roy Hay. 1982. A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants. Ward Lock Limited, Great Britain. 136 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-442-26859-9.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
Medeiros, A.C. 2004. Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.


Experts

Canna indica contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Canna indica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal and predation, and seedling establishment of three invasive plant species in a Hawaiian rain forest
After rain forest of Haleakala National Park was fenced in the late 1980s, native vegetation responded vigorously yet three problematic plant invaders (Clidemia hirta, Hedychium gardnerianum, and Psidium cattleianum) continued to spread unabated and became of great concern to Park managers. This contribution provides a quantitative assessment of crucial life history junctures (quantitative phenology, reproductive potential, seed dispersal, seed predation, seedling establishment) to assist Haleakala NP and other managers of Hawaiian rain forests. It also provides detailed information for potentially identifying key characteristics in prevention, rapid response, and prioritization of incoming invasive species. (This document is the 2004 Ph.D. dissertation of Dr. Arthur C. Medeiros for the Department of Zoology at the University of Hawaii.)

Canna indica references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Canna indica as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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