Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Buddleja madagascariensis
(Buddlejaceae)

butterfly bush, smoke bush

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Pest alerts Impacts Risk assessments Images
Distribution Cited as invasive (on a list) Books Full-text articles Presentations  

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"Butterfly bush" or "smoke bush" (Buddleja madagascariensis) is a large shrub, sometimes planted ornamentally, with clusters of small yellow or orange flowers.  Buddleja madagascariensis can be invasive, as it can create high, thick masses of foliage which displace other vegetation. 


Species description or overview

Buddleja madagascariensis information from PIER
Information on Buddleja madagascariensis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Buddleja madagascariensis on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Buddleja madagascariensis in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Butterfly bush description
A short description of the butterfly bush is on this Alien Plants of Hawaii site hosted by the University of Hawaii Botany Department.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Buddleja madagascariensis
Nomenclatural information about Buddleja madagascariensis is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Buddleja madagascariensis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Buddleja madagascariensis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Buddleja madagascariensis information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Buddleja madagascariensis, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Buddleja madagascariensis
Nomenclatural information about Buddleja madagascariensis is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Pest alerts

Smoke bush pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Buddleja madagascariensis biology, impacts, and distribution in Australia are described in this pest alert from the Victorian government (Australia).


Impacts

Leaf damage estimation on the exotic weed orange buddleia, Buddleja madagascariensis
Orange buddleia in southeast Queensland loses significantly less leaf area lost to herbivory than nearly all other surrounding plants, providing it with a compeititve advantage (abstract, 2003).

Butterfly bush description
A short description of the butterfly bush is on this Alien Plants of Hawaii site hosted by the University of Hawaii Botany Department.

Smoke bush pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Buddleja madagascariensis biology, impacts, and distribution in Australia are described in this pest alert from the Victorian government (Australia).

Buddleja madagascariensis (Buddlejaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Buddleja madagascariensis as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).


Risk assessments

Buddleja madagascariensis weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Buddleja madagascariensis for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Images

Images of Buddleja madagascariensis (Buddlejaceae) (smoke bush)
Links to high-resolution free images of Buddleja madagascariensis (Buddlejaceae) (smoke bush) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Buddleja madagascariensis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Buddleja madagascariensis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Butterfly bush Buddleja madagascariensis images
Butterfly bush Buddleja madagascariensis images are from the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources site "Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants".

Buddleja madagascariensis images from PIER
Images of Buddleja madagascariensis provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Buddleja madagascariensis information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Buddleja madagascariensis in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Plants of Hawaii: Buddleja madagascariensis -- MAPS
This entry was automatically generated by the Paradox script ITISPLTS.SSL.

Buddleja madagascariensis information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Buddleja madagascariensis--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Buddleja madagascariensis plant profile from USDA
Buddleja madagascariensis distribution, taxonomy, and links to other information are on this site.

Buddleja madagascariensis on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Buddleja madagascariensis in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Cited as invasive (on a list)

"Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants" list
Hawaii's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants list with links to species is from the Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife.


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Vines and Climbing Plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands: an illustrated field guide to the native, naturalized or commonly cultivated vines and lianas of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Acevedo-Rodriguez, Pedro. 2005. Vines and Climbing Plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands: an illustrated field guide to the native, naturalized or commonly cultivated vines and lianas of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Illustrated by Bobbi Angell. 483 pages.

Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens
Dawson, Wayne, Ahmed S. Mndolwa, David F. R. P. Burslem, and Philip E. Hulme. 2008. Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens. Biodiversity Conservation. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

Buddleja madagascariensis on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Buddleja madagascariensis in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Presentations

Jumping the fence: Ways of dealing with invasive plants in landscaping View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Strategies for avoiding invasives in landscaping, including voluntary codes of conduct among landscapers, and developing seedless varieties and tetraploids, are in this presentation from University of Hawaii.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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