Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Bocconia frutescens
(Papaveraceae)

bocconia, parrotweed, plume poppy, tree celandine, tree poppy

image of Bocconia frutescens image of Bocconia frutescens image of Bocconia frutescens
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods
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Bocconia frutescens is a branched shrub/small tree to 20 feet in height with large, cleft leaves which are white on the underside and turn yellow with age. * Native to Central and South America, introduced to Hawaii as an ornamental garden plant  


Species description or overview

Bocconia frutescens information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Bocconia frutescens from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Bocconia frutescens information from PIER
Information on Bocconia frutescens as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Bocconia frutescens on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Bocconia frutescens in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Bocconia frutescens
Nomenclatural information about Bocconia frutescens is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Bocconia frutescens information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bocconia frutescens--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Bocconia frutescens information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Bocconia frutescens, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Bocconia frutescens
Nomenclatural information about Bocconia frutescens is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Bocconia frutescens (Papaveraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Bocconia frutescens as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).


Risk assessments

Bocconia frutescens weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Bocconia frutescens for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Bocconia frutescens information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Bocconia frutescens from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).


Images

Images of Bocconia frutescens (Papaveraceae) (tree poppy)
Links to high-resolution free images of Bocconia frutescens (Papaveraceae) (tree poppy) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Bocconia frutescens information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bocconia frutescens in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Bocconia frutescens images from PIER
Images of Bocconia frutescens provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Bocconia frutescens information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bocconia frutescens in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Bocconia frutescens information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bocconia frutescens--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Bocconia frutescens on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Bocconia frutescens in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.


Where to see this species

Auwahi - Dry forest of Maui
Images, history, and ethnobotany of Auwahi are on the HEAR website.


Books

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Full-text articles

Could poor seed dispersal contribute to predation by rodents in a Hawaiian dry forest? (citation)
The citation for the article on rodents is available at the HEAR bibliography site (Biological Invasions, 2011).

Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations
Medeiros, Arthur C., Lloyd L. Loope, and C.G. Chimera. 1993. Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations. Natural Area Reserve System, State of Hawaii.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Bocconia frutescens on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Bocconia frutescens in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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