Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Bidens pilosa
(Asteraceae)

Spanish needle, beggar's tick, broom stick, broom stuff, cobbler's pegs, devil's needles

image of Bidens pilosa image of Bidens pilosa image of Bidens pilosa
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HEAR home  >  species info  >  plants  >  Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae)
(hints)
Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Images
Distribution Where to see this species Books Full-text articles Experts Other resources

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Species description or overview

Bidens pilosa information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Bidens pilosa from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Bidens pilosa information from PIER
Information on Bidens pilosa as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Bidens pilosa description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Bidens pilosa as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Bidens pilosa
Nomenclatural information about Bidens pilosa is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Bidens pilosa information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bidens pilosa--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Bidens pilosa information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Bidens pilosa, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Bidens pilosa
Nomenclatural information about Bidens pilosa is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae): species information from GCW
Information on Bidens pilosa as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Bidens pilosa impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Bidens pilosa as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Bidens pilosa weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Bidens pilosa for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Bidens pilosa for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Bidens pilosa for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Bidens pilosa information from CTAHR (Motooka et al.) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Bidens pilosa from "Weeds of Hawaii's pastures and natural areas: an identification and management guide" (Motooka et al. 2003) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR).

Bidens pilosa management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Bidens pilosa as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae) (spanish needle, ki, ki nehe, ki pipili, nehe)
Links to high-resolution free images of Bidens pilosa (Asteraceae) (spanish needle, ki, ki nehe, ki pipili, nehe) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Bidens pilosa information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bidens pilosa in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Bidens pilosa images from PIER
Images of Bidens pilosa provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Bidens pilosa information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bidens pilosa in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Bidens pilosa information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Bidens pilosa--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Bidens pilosa worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Bidens pilosa is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Where to see this species

Auwahi - Dry forest of Maui
Images, history, and ethnobotany of Auwahi are on the HEAR website.

Kahoolawe (Kanaloa): natural areas of Hawaii
Forest and Kim Starr provide information about the island of Kahoolawe as a natural area in Hawaii. Links to additional resources are provided, as well as links to images of plant species found on Kahoolawe.


Books

Weed handbook of Western Polynesia
Whistler, W. Arthur. 1983. Weed handbook of Western Polynesia. Eschborn: Deutsche Gesellschaft f#r Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH. ISBN: 3-88085-227-8.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.


Full-text articles

Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations
Medeiros, Arthur C., Lloyd L. Loope, and C.G. Chimera. 1993. Kanaio Natural Area Reserve: biological inventory and management recommendations. Natural Area Reserve System, State of Hawaii.

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide
Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii.
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Loope L. 2006. Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants on Midway Atoll, Hawaii. An addendum to the 1999 Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll.

Botanical survey of Midway Atoll
Starr, F. and K. Martz. 1999. Botanical survey of Midway Atoll. In: 1995-1999 Baseline Surveys for Alien Species in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F. and K. Starr. 2006. Oahu Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and K. Wood. 2006. Lanai Offshore Islets Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values
Gon III, Samuel M. Ohukaniohia. 2008. Revised List of Hawaiian Names of Plants Native and Introduced with Brief Descriptions and Notes as to Occurrence and Medicinal or Other Values, by Joseph F. Rock Consulting Botanist, Board of Agriculture and Forestry Honolulu, Hawaii, 1920; transcribed and annotated by Samuel M. Ohukaniohia Gon III. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6:405-442.

Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds.) . 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages.

Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii
Smith, Clifford W. 2002. Forest pest biological control program in Hawaii. pp. 91-98 in Smith, Clifford W., Julie Denslow, and Stephen Hight (eds). 2002. Proceedings of workshop on biological control of native ecosystems in Hawaii. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany) Technical Report 129. 122 pages. from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/duffy/techr/129.pdf accessed 16 March 2008.


Experts

Bidens pilosa contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Bidens pilosa as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Bidens pilosa references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Bidens pilosa as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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