Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Arundo donax
(Poaceae)

Spanish reed, giant reed, wild cane

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HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.

Giant reed (Arundo donax) is a grass that can grow up to 20 feet tall. It looks a little like sugarcane, but its leaves are shorter. It leaves are alternately arranged along the stem, and it produces flowers that are long, dense, and plume-like. 

Species description or overview

Giant reed (Arundo donax) fact sheet
Giant reed (Arundo donax) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Giant reed (Arundo donax) factsheet View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Giant reed description and suggestions for control are from the Commonwealth of Virginia (Invasive Alien Plant Species of Virginia).

Arundo donax information
Giant reed images, description, distribution, and risk assessment are from Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk.

Arundo donax on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Arundo donax in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Giant reed species profile
Giant reed (Arundo donax) resources, including citation database, distribution maps, and publications, are provided by the National Invasive Species Information Center.

Arundo donax description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Arundo donax as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Arundo donax information
Giant reed ecology, habitat, dispersal, and management are from The Global Invasive Species Database.


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Arundo donax
Nomenclatural information about Arundo donax is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Arundo donax information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Arundo donax--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Arundo donax information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Arundo donax, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Arundo donax
Nomenclatural information about Arundo donax is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Pest alerts

Flyer RE: giant reed (Arundo donax) on Maui
HEAR (www.hear.org)

Giant reed (Arundo donax): MISC target species
Giant reed (Arundo donax) is targeted by the Maui Invasive Species Committee (MISC).

Giant reed pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Giant reed (Arundo donax) is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This pest alert is available on KISC's "Weed of the Week" site.

Giant reed (Arundo donax) fact sheet
Giant reed (Arundo donax) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.


Impacts

Giant reed (Arundo donax) Weed of the Week radio program transcript View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Giant weed (Arundo donax ) is the featured "Weed of the Week" on the radio program sponsored by Kauai Community Radio and the Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC). This transcript describes the impacts of this species on Kauai.

Arundo donax (Poaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Arundo donax as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Arundo donax impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Arundo donax as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Arundo donax weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Arundo donax for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Arundo donax (Florida) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Arundo donax for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).

Weed risk assessment for Arundo donax (United States of America) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Arundo donax for United States of America is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Giant reed (Arundo donax) fact sheet
Giant reed (Arundo donax) description, habitat, biology, and management options are provided by Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group.

Arundo donax management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Arundo donax as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Arundo donax (Poaceae) (giant reed)
Links to high-resolution free images of Arundo donax (Poaceae) (giant reed) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Arundo donax information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Arundo donax in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Arundo donax images from PIER
Images of Arundo donax provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Arundo donax information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Arundo donax in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Arundo donax information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Arundo donax--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Arundo donax on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Arundo donax in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Giant reed (Arundo donax) overview from the Hawaii Invasive Species Council (HISC).
Giant reed's description, impacts, images, and distribution in Hawaii are from HISC's high-profile invasive pests site.

Arundo donax worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Arundo donax is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Invasive plants of California's wildlands
Bossard, Carla C., John M. Randall, and Marc C. Hoshovsky (eds.) . 2000. Invasive plants of California's wildlands. University of California Press. 360 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-520-22547-3.

Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (book)
A complete list of all species covered in Grasses of the Hawaiian ranges (Whitney, Hosaka, and Ripperton, 1939) is presented, along with a complete bibliographic citation. This book "describes and illustrates 103 of the most important grasses in Hawaii.... There are many grasses, either recently introduced or slow to become acclimatized, that have not yet established themselves on the ranges; these are not here included. Species that are found outside the general range areas, as in summit bogs, forest reserves, and national parks, are also omitted. Keys to the tribes and genera [are also included." ([adapted] from the book's introduction)


Full-text articles

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

The grasses of Hawaii
Hitchcock, A.S. 1922. The grasses of Hawaii. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press : New York, Kraus Reprint Co. (1974). 235 pp. illus. (line drawings).

Arundo donax on Maui (Hawaii, USA): species information View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This report on the species Arundo donax in Hawaii--with particular emphasis on its status on the island of Maui--includes information about the taxonomy, description, biology and ecology, distribution, control methods, and management recommendations, as well as references.


Experts

Arundo donax contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Arundo donax as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

The grasses of Hawaii
Hitchcock, A.S. 1922. The grasses of Hawaii. Honolulu, Bishop Museum Press : New York, Kraus Reprint Co. (1974). 235 pp. illus. (line drawings).

Arundo donax references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Arundo donax as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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