Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Ardisia crenata
(Myrsinaceae)

Australian holly, Hilo holly, coral berry, hen's eyes, scratchthroat, spiceberry

 
image of Ardisia crenata image of Ardisia crenata
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Ardisia crenata is native to Japan to northern India. 


Species description or overview

Ardisia crenata information from PIER
Information on Ardisia crenata as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Ardisia crenata description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Ardisia crenata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Ardisia crenata
Nomenclatural information about Ardisia crenata is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Ardisia crenata information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ardisia crenata--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Ardisia crenata information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Ardisia crenata, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Ardisia crenata
Nomenclatural information about Ardisia crenata is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Ardisia crenata (Myrsinaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Ardisia crenata as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Ardisia crenata impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Ardisia crenata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Ardisia crenata weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Ardisia crenata for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.


Control methods

Ardisia crenata management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Ardisia crenata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Images of Ardisia crenata (Myrsinaceae) (Hilo holly)
Links to high-resolution free images of Ardisia crenata (Myrsinaceae) (Hilo holly) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Ardisia crenata information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ardisia crenata in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Ardisia crenata images from PIER
Images of Ardisia crenata provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Ardisia crenata information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ardisia crenata in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Ardisia crenata information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Ardisia crenata--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Ardisia crenata worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Ardisia crenata is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition)
Langeland, K.A., H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Identification and biology of nonnative plants in Florida's natural areas (second edition). The University of Florida IFAS Communication Services (Gainesville). 193+ pp. illus. ISBN: 978-0-916287-70-2.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida
Langeland, K.A. and R.L. Stocker. (1997-)2001. Control of non-native plants in natural areas of Florida. SP 242, one of a series of the Department of Agronomy, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First printed: 1997. Revised: April, 2001.


Experts

Ardisia crenata contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Ardisia crenata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Ardisia crenata references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Ardisia crenata as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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