Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Aleurites moluccana
(Euphorbiaceae)

Indian walnut, candlenut

 
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Impacts Risk assessments Control methods Cultivation & propagation
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Species description or overview

Traditional tree Aleurites moluccana View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Kukui overview is provided by Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry (www.traditionaltree.org).

Aleurites moluccana information from PIER
Information on Aleurites moluccana as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).

Aleurites moluccana description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Aleurites moluccana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Kukui (Aleurites moluccana) overview from the National Tropical Botanical Garden
The taxonomy, distribution, and role of kukui in medicine, indigenous practices, and mythology are included on this site from NTBG.

Aleurites moluccana information from "Common forest trees of Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Information about Aleurites moluccana is presented with respect to this species being a forest tree in Hawaii. The information on this site is from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) 1989 publication by Little and Skolmen entitled "Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced)."

Aleurites moluccana information from NTBG
Information about Aleurites moluccana is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Aleurites moluccana
Nomenclatural information about Aleurites moluccana is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Aleurites moluccana information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Aleurites moluccana--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Aleurites moluccana information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Aleurites moluccana, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Aleurites moluccana
Nomenclatural information about Aleurites moluccana is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Impacts

Aleurites moluccana (Euphorbiaceae): species information from GCW
Information on Aleurites moluccana as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Aleurites moluccana impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Aleurites moluccana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Risk assessments

Aleurites moluccana weed risk assessment for Hawaii-Pacific
Results of a weed risk assessment for Aleurites moluccana for the Hawaii-Pacific region are presented by the Hawaii-Pacific Weed Risk Assessment team.

Weed risk assessment for Aleurites moluccana for Florida (TNC) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
A weed risk assessment for Aleurites moluccana for Florida is presented by The Nature Conservancy (Doria Gordon et al.).


Control methods

Aleurites moluccana management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Aleurites moluccana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Cultivation & propagation

How to plant a native Hawaiian garden View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
An instructional handbook on planting a native Hawaiian garden was prepared by Office of Environmental Quality Control to guide the establishment of native gardens in schools throughout Hawaii to stimulate the awareness and appreciation of Hawaii's rare and fragile environmental resources (1992).


Images

Images of Aleurites moluccana (Euphorbiaceae) (kukui)
Links to high-resolution free images of Aleurites moluccana (Euphorbiaceae) (kukui) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Aleurites moluccana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Aleurites moluccana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Aleurites moluccana images from HEAR
High-quality images of Aleurites moluccana are provided by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Acacia to Azadirachta images and weed risk assessment scores
Images of trees Acacia to Azadirachta, and their weed risk assessment scores, listed alphabetically, are from the University of Hawaii Forestry Extension.

Aleurites moluccana images from PIER
Images of Aleurites moluccana provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER).


Distribution

Aleurites moluccana information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Aleurites moluccana in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Aleurites moluccana information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Aleurites moluccana--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Aleurites moluccana worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Aleurites moluccana is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants
Perry, Frances and Roy Hay. 1982. A field guide to tropical and subtropical plants. Ward Lock Limited, Great Britain. 136 pp. illus. ISBN: 0-442-26859-9.


Full-text articles

Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research
Stone, Charles P., Clifford W. Smith, and J. Timothy Tunison (eds.) . 1992. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: Management and research. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit. ISBN: 0-8248-1474-6.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens
Dawson, Wayne, Ahmed S. Mndolwa, David F. R. P. Burslem, and Philip E. Hulme. 2008. Assessing the risks of plant invasions arising from collections in tropical botanical gardens. Biodiversity Conservation. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008.

Botanical inventory of Kure Atoll
Starr, Forest, Kim Martz, and Lloyd Loope. 2001. Botanical inventory of Kure Atoll. Prepared for Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Forestry and Wildlife (Honolulu). 47 pp. illus.


Experts

Aleurites moluccana contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Aleurites moluccana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

Aleurites moluccana references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Aleurites moluccana as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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