Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Abutilon menziesii
(Malvaceae)

ko'oloa'ula

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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Federal endangered/threatened status Cultivation & propagation
Recovery & restoration Images Distribution In the news

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"Abutilon menziesii is an endangered Hawaiian endemic shrub that grows in dry forests on the islands of Lanai, Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii."  "Currently, only about 500 plants remain in fewer than ten naturally-occurring populations throughout the islands." (USBGAbutilon menziesii is a native plant in Hawaii, endemic and federally listed as an endangered species. (SmithsonianAbutilon menziesii is native to Hawaii (endemic to the islands of Lanai, Maui, Oahu, and Hawaii). 


Species description or overview

Abutilon menziesii information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Abutilon menziesii--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.

Abutilon menziesii: a rare and endangered plant in the U.S. Botanical Garden collection
Information about Abutilon menziesii, an endangered species native/endemic to the state of Hawaii (USA), is provided by the U.S. Botanical Garden.

Abutilon menziesii information from NTBG
Information about Abutilon menziesii is available from the National Tropical Botanical Garden (NTBG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

GRIN nomenclature info for Abutilon menziesii
Nomenclatural information about Abutilon menziesii is provided by USDA/ARS/NGRP/GRIN.

Abutilon menziesii information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Abutilon menziesii--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.

Abutilon menziesii information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Abutilon menziesii, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

IPNI nomenclature info for Abutilon menziesii
Nomenclatural information about Abutilon menziesii is provided by The International Plant Names Index (IPNI).


Federal endangered/threatened status

Lanai plant cluster recovery plan View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Plans for the recovery of nine endangered plant species on Lanai are described (USFWS, 1995, 155 pp.)

Abutilon menziesii species profile from USFWS
A species profile for Abutilon menziesii is provided by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, including links to information regarding the federal endangered/threatened status of this species.

Abutilon menziesii: federal endangered species status details
Abutilon menziesii information and documents related to its status as an endangered species are available on this US Fish and Wildlife site.


Cultivation & propagation

Abutilon menziesii (red 'ilima) propagation and cultivation (UH/CTAHR)
Propagation and cultivation information about Abutilon menziesii (Red 'Ilima) is provided by the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (UH/CTAHR).

Abutilon menziesii information from Native Plants Hawaii
Information about Abutilon menziesii--including details regarding plant, flower, and leaf characteristics; pests and diseases; growth requirements; and environment--is provided by Native Plants Hawaii.


Recovery & restoration

Habitat Conservation Plan for Endangered Plant, "Red Ilima," available for public review
Information about efforts to save the only known naturally-occurring population of Abutilon menziesii on Oahu are described in this article.


Images

Abutilon menziesii images by PT
Abutilon menziesii images are presented online by Maui photographer Philip Thomas and are freely available for noncommercial use.

Images of Abutilon menziesii from HEAR
The Global Compendium of Weeds provides worldwide citations of potential weediness of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.

Images of Abutilon menziesii (Malvaceae) (kooloaula)
Links to high-resolution free images of Abutilon menziesii (Malvaceae) (kooloaula) by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS) are available here.

Abutilon menziesii information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Abutilon menziesii in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Abutilon menziesii images from Native Plants Hawaii
Images of Abutilon menziesii are provided on the Native Plants Hawaii website.

Albutilon menziesii images by PT
Albutilon menziesii flower high-resolution images by Maui photographer Philip Thomas are available online.

Images of Abutilon species native to Hawaii (UH/GCarr)
Images of Abutilon species native to Hawaii are presented online by Dr. Gerry Carr (University of Hawaii--Manoa). Species represented include Abutilon eremitopetalum (endemic); Abutilon incanum (indigenous); Abutilon menziesii (endemic); and Abutilon sandwicense (endemic).

Abutilon menziesii images by Jupiter Nielsen
Images of Abutilon menziesii are provided online by Maui artist/photographer Jupiter Nielsen.

Abutilon menziesii images by Karl Magnacca
Images of Abutilon menziesii by Karl Magnacca are available online.


Distribution

Abutilon menziesii information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Abutilon menziesii in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.

Abutilon menziesii information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Information about Abutilon menziesii--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution in Hawaii--is provided by the "Flora of the Hawaiian Islands" website of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Links from this page include descriptive information about the species, as well as worldwide distributional information and general information about the genus.


In the news

Plan may pave way for new Ewa road: At issue is preserving rare red ilima before starting construction
"Seven years after an endangered plant put the brakes on plans for a major roadway in Ewa, a proposal to grow replacement plants could pave the way for road construction." (excerpted from article)

Red ilima endangers Ewa road: The protected plant is holding up state plans to adjust land usage
Caffeine knocks Hawaii's screeching foreign frogs dead, a U.S. Department of Agriculture study has found. But the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency wants to know what else caffeine kills before the agency approves using it to stop the exploding population of two small frog species from Puerto Rico.


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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