Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ugni molinae
Turcz., Myrtaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Eugenia ugni Hook. & Arn.; Myrtus molinae Barnéoud ex Gay; Myrtus ugni Molina

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Chilean guava, strawberry myrtle

French: goyavier du Chili

Spanish: murta, murta blanca, murtilla, tautau, ugni, uñi

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Aromatic bushy shrub, 1-2 m high, often suckering profusely. Shoots often reddish when young, later deep brown, densely clothed in short hairs at first. Petiole < 6 mm long, hairy. Lamina 0.7-3.4 x 0.6-2.8 cm, longer and narrower on juvenile shoots, usually broad-ovate to suborbicular, sometimes ovate to elliptic, coriaceous, pale below, dark shining green above, recurved at margins; glabrous except for midrib beneath at first; base rounded to subcordate; apex acute to obtuse. Pedicels 1-1.5 cm long, hairy or nearly glabrous, slender, curved downwards. Bracteoles 3-4.3 mm long, linear-lanceolate. Flowers pendent. Calyx lobes 3-4 mm long, lanceolate to ± triangular. Petals 5-7 mm long, pale pink, imbricate, concave, forming a campanulate corolla. Stamens unequal, < style and petals. Fruit 8-14 mm in diameter, almost globular, rose, becoming dark purplish red; flesh white, sweet"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 869).

Habitat/ecology:  In New Zealand, "long-established planted bushes in moderate to high rainfall areas have an extensive suckering system and are sometimes semi-wild"  (Webb et al., 1988; p. 869).  In Chile (native), "low altitude, interior valleys.  Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall, short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month). In shadow; steep slopes facing south or a vegetation cover which filters 40-80% of light"  (Chileflora).

Propagation:  Seed?, suckers.

Native range:  Argentina, Chile (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
Skottsberg, Carl (1953) (p. 221)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 462, 466, 558)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (pp. 462, 466, 558)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 869)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Chile (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 17 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 9 JAN 2011.