Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Tetrastigma leucostaphylum
(Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb., Vitaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 2 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Cissus lanceolaria Roxb.; Cissus leucostaphyla Dennst.; Tetrastigma lanceolarium Planch.

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Whole plant except the inflorescence glabrous; stems sometimes boldly tuberculate.  Leaves usually 3-foliolate, sometimes pedately 5-foliolate; common petiole 2 to 5 inches long; leaflets softly coriaceous, oblong to elliptic-oblong, tapering to each end, sometimes obovate-oblong, always shortly caudate-acuminate and the edges with remote shallow teeth; main nerves 6 to 10 pairs, spreading, slightly winged on the lower surface; length 4.5 to 6 inches, breath 1.75 to 2.75 inches, petiolules .4 to .75 inches.  Cymes axillary, puberulous, spreading, about 1.5 inches across, on peduncles shorter than themselves.  Tendrils rather short, forked.  Flowers 4-merous, the stigma 4-lobed.  Fruit globose-ovoid, as large as a cherry, white when ripe, pulpy, 1- or 2-seeded; the seeds compressed, concave on one surface, rugulose.  (King, 1896; p. 395).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southern and southeastern Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) extinct
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 86)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Additional information:
Additional online information about Tetrastigma leucostaphylum is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Tetrastigma leucostaphylum as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Tetrastigma leucostaphylum may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. 2009. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. 273 pp.

King, George. 1896. Materials for a flora of the Malayan Peninsula. In: Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 65(2):339-516.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. 2013. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online searchable database.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 1 AUG 2011.