Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Tabebuia pallida
(Lindl.) Miers, Bignoniaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 11 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Bignonia pallida Lindl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Cuban pink trumpet tree, white cedar, whitewood

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A tree of 5-35 m height with a greyish deeply fissured barkLeaves are 8-15 cm long and palmately compound with 3-5 spreading leaflets.  Petioles are 5-25 cm long.  The leaflets are broadly elliptic, 5-22 cm long and 2-11  cm wide.  Inflorescences are terminal panicles and consist of many pink rose or white flowers with corollas of 5-7 cm length.  Fruits are cylindrical and dehiscent capsules of 10-20 cm length and c. 15 mm width, containing numerous winged seeds"  (Weber, 2003; p. 426).

Habitat/ecology:  "Forests and forest edges, tropical hammocks.  This tree is a characteristic species of tropical dry and moist forests in the native range.  Where invasive, it establishes well in disturbed sites and forms dense thickets that shade out native plants and strongly reduce species richness.  Regeneration of native shrubs and trees is prevented, hindering natural succession and forest regeneration.  Little is known on the ecology of this tree"  (Weber, 2003; p. 426).

Propagation:  Wind-borne seed.

Native range:  Wet windward slopes of the Lesser Antilles (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 189).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2012) (pp. 31-32)
Voucher cited: OED 2010051401 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 588615)
Taxon name on voucher: Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Frohlich, Danielle/Lau, Alex (2012) (pp. 31-32)
Voucher cited: OED 2009092902 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1990) (voucher ID: BISH 591266)
Taxon name on voucher: Tabebuia pallida (Lindl.) Miers
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 84)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Mauritius Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Mauremootoo, J. (2004) (p. 6)
Mauritius
Mautitius Islands (Mauritius and Rodrigues)
Rodrigues Island introduced
invasive
Kueffer, C./Mauremootoo, J. (2004) (p. 6)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
invasive
Gerlach, J. (1996) (pp. 4-5)
Seychelles
Seychelles Islands
Seychelles Islands introduced
invasive
Weber, Ewald (2003) (p. 426)

Control: 

Physical:  "Seedlings and saplings can be hand pulled or dug out".

Chemical:  "Larger stems are cut and the cut stumps treated with herbicide"  (Weber, 2003; p. 426).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 22 FEB 2007 and was last updated on 31 MAY 2011.