Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sonchus tenerrimus
L., Asteraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: slender sowthistle

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Annual, biennials, or perennials, 10-80 cm. Stem bases soft to hard, herbaceous, often hollow. Leaves: blades of mid cauline oblong, 3-20 x 2-6 cm, bases auriculate, auricles ovate to lanceolate or linear, ± straight, obtuse to acute, margins usually pinnately lobed, lobes ± rhombic to lanceolate (constricted at bases) or ± linear, terminals ± equaling laterals, entire or dentate. Peduncles usually setose- to stipitate-glandular, often tomentose as well, sometimes glabrous. Involucres 10-12+ mm. Phyllaries usually setose- to stipitate-glandular, sometimes tomentose as well. Corollas: ligules longer than tubes. Cypselae reddish brown, oblanceoloid, 2.5-3.5 mm, ribs 1-3 on each face, faces transversely rugulose or tuberculate across and between ribs; pappi 5-8 mm"  (Flora of North America online).

Habitat/ecology:  In the United States, "disturbed sites, often on ballast; 0-200 m"  (Flora of North America online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southern Europe, western Asia, north Africa  (Flora of North America online).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más a Tierra (Robinson Crusoe Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 558)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Más Afuera (Alejandro Selkirk Island) introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 558)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Isla Santa Clara introduced
invasive
Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John (2011)
Chile (offshore islands)
Juan Fernández Islands
Morro Juanango introduced
invasive
Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido (2006) (p. 558)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Chile (continental)
Chile
Chile (Republic of) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Naturalized
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) introduced
invasive
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Baja California
Naturalized
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
Alabama, New York

Additional information:
Additional online information about Sonchus tenerrimus is available from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Information about Sonchus tenerrimus as a weed (worldwide references) may be available from the Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW).

Taxonomic information about Sonchus tenerrimus may be available from the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

References:

Atkinson, Rachel/Sawyer, John. 2011. Naturalized species in the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. Unpublished spreadsheet.

Danton, Philippe/Perrier, Christophe/Martinez Reyes, Guido. 2006. Nouveau catalogue de la flore vaculaire de l'archipel Juan Fernández (Chile) [Nuevo catálogo de la flora vacular del Archipélago Juan Fernández (Chile)]. Acta Bot. Gallica 153(4):399-587.

Hyland, B. P. M. 1983. A revision of Syzygium and allied genera (Myrtaceae) in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany, Supplementary Series No. 9:1-164.

U. S. Government. 2013. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) (on-line resource).

U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. 2013. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Online searchable database.

U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. 2013. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 DEC 2010 and was last updated on 27 DEC 2010.