Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Sideroxylon persimile
(Hemsl.) T.D.Penn., Sapotaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Bumelia buxifolia misapplied, Hawaiian Islands; Bumelia persimilis Hemsl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: bastard cherry, bully, bumelia, porcupine tree

Spanish: alfiler, barba de tigre, corpus blanca, corpus espina, espino blanco, espino mono, huistempisque, ispundio, limoncillo, zapotillo de pena

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Large trees, round-topped to 20 m tall, trunk vertically fluted, 1 m thick, bark rough, sometimes armed with painful and irritating thorns (1-3 cm long), with obvious sticky white sap, and stems occasionally bearing red hairs.  Leaves dark green, glossy ovate, entire (3-4 cm long).  Flowers are sweetly fragrant, greenish.  Fruit is round to subglobose, about 1 cm, and green turning black or deep blue"  (Starr, Martz and Loope, 2002; pp. 24-25).

"Tree 15-60 feet tall; branches often spiny.  Leaves alternate (not clustered); blades broadly elliptic, 2-5 inches x 1-1.5 inches, dark green, glossy.  Inflorescence sessile, dense clusters on branches.  Flowers tiny, sweetly fragrant; corolla greenish yellow, lobes spreading, apex 3-parted; stamens projecting; ovary hairy.  Fruit ellipsoid-ovoid, 0.5-0.75 inches long, blue-black or dark purple, apex rounded or acute.  Seed 1, ellipsoid, 0.3-0.6 inches long"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 522).

Habitat/ecology:  "Grows in moist forests or along watercourses in seasonally dry forests."  Occasionally planted as a street tree and for reforestation  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 522).

Propagation:  Seed.  "Apparently the fleshy fruits are dispersed by birds" (Staples, Imada & Herbst, 2003; p. 18).

Native range:  "Native from Mexico across Central America through northern South America"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 522).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (pp. 24-25)
Voucher cited: O. Degener 21990 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (pp. 24-25)
East Maui. Vouchers cited: D. Herbst 820 (BISH), R. Hobdy 2729 (BISH), Starr & Martz 980220-1 (BISH), Starr & Martz 000427-1 (BISH)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Martz, Kim/Loope, Lloyd L. (2002) (pp. 24-25)
Voucher cited: F.B.H. Brown 1246 (BISH 69020a), M.C. Neal s.n. (BISH 419662, 419663), M.C. Neal s.n. (BISH 69021), F.R. Fosberg 27116 (BISH), F. Saito 10 (BISH), N. Matayoshi s.n. (BISH 580943)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
Staples, George W./Imada, Clyde T./Herbst, Derral R. (2003) (p. 18)
Voucher cited: C. Imada et al. 2001-46 (BISH)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Costa Rica (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
El Salvador (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Guatemala (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Nicaragua (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Central America
Central America (Pacific rim)
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)


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This page was created on 11 FEB 2010 and was last updated on 31 MAY 2011.