Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Setaria grisebachii
E. Fourn., Poaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Grisebach's bristlegrass

Habit:  grass

Description:  "Plants annual. Culms 30-100 cm; nodes pubescent, hairs appressed. Sheaths with ciliate margins; ligules ciliate; blades to 12(25) cm long, to 10(20) mm wide, flat, hispid on both surfaces. Panicles 3-18 cm, loosely spicate, interrupted, often purple; rachises hispid; bristles 1-3, 5-15 mm, flexible, antrorsely scabrous. Spikelets 1.5-2.2 mm. Lower glumes about 1/3 as long as the spikelets, distinctly 3-veined, lateral veins coalescing with the central veins below the apices; upper glumes nearly equaling the upper lemmas, obtuse, 5-veined; lower lemmas equaling the upper lemmas; lower paleas about 1/3 as long as the lower lemmas, narrow; upper lemmas finely and transversely rugose; upper paleas similar to the upper lemmas" (Manual of Grasses for North America: Grass Manual on the Web).

Description from GrassBase.

Habitat/ecology:  "It grows in open ground" (Manual of Grasses for North America: Grass Manual on the Web).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  United States, Mexico, Belize, Colombia, Ecuador (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Volcán Cerro Azul, Isabela Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
invasive
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
South America (Pacific rim)
South America (Pacific rim)
Colombia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
United States (other states) native
Utah State University (2004)

Comments:  Probably not native to the Galápagos Islands, possibly introduced, per Charles Darwin Research Station.


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This page was created on 6 JUL 2004 and was last updated on 30 NOV 2008.